Abortion Abortion is one of the most heated debates in the world right now; people are dying, and killing for what they believe in. I find it kind of ironic because anti abortion activists are killing doctors for the unborn babies that were killed; does two wrongs make a right? In the following paper I will describe the methods of abortion, the arguments of both pro-life and pro-choice, and my own personal opinion on abortion. There are many arguments for and against abortion, way too many to write so Ill just describe a few. One of the main arguments is when does life begin? The people who agree with abortion believe that life begins when the baby is out of the womb. The people who disagree with abortion believe that human life begins at conception; therefore abortion would be murder. So, which one is it? Is abortion murder or not? There really isnt a straight answer.

What you think all depends on your values and norms. Even scientists cannot answer the question of when does life begin. There is a huge discrepancy on this topic. Personally I believe that human life doesnt begin at conception but when the babys heart begins to beat which is somewhere around 18 days. The first thing that I will talk about in this essay is the many different methods of abortion. There are a lot of different ways that abortions could be done, some legal and some illegal. Sharp curettage, suction aspiration, saline injection, prostaglandin abortion, hysterectomy, dilation and extraction (D&X), RU-486 and prostaglandin are the few that I will be describing in detail.

The first method I will be describing is sharp curettage, also called dilation and curettage (D&C.) These abortions are usually done before 12 weeks development. In a sharp curettage a tiny hoe-like instrument called a curret is inserted into the womb. The abortionist uses the curret to scrape the embryo or fetus and placenta from the uterine wall. Body parts are then pulled out piece by piece through the cervix. Suction Aspiration (Also called “vacuum aspiration”) This method of abortion has replaced D & C in the majority of abortions done prior to 12 weeks.

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A tube is inserted through the cervix into the uterus and connected to a strong suction apparatus. The embryo or fetus and the placenta are torn to pieces and sucked out into a jar. Although the baby is extremely small, body parts are often easily identified. Sometimes this method follows a D & C. Possible complications include bleeding, infection, and performation of the uterus.

SALINE INJECTION: (Salt Poisoning) After sixteen weeks, with this procedure, a needle is inserted through the mother’s abdomen and a solution of concentrated salt is injected into the amniotic fluid which surrounds the child. The baby breathes in and swallows the solution and usually dies in one to two hours, sometimes death takes many hours, from salt poisoning, dehydration, hemorrhages of the brain, and failure of other organs. The baby’s skin is burned by the salt. The mother goes into labor and a dead baby is delivered, usually within 24 to 48 hours. This abortion method is no longer used in the United States.

PROSTAGLANDIN ABORTION: This drug causes a woman to go into labor at any stage of pregnancy. It is generally used in middle to late pregnancy to induce abortion. The potent hormone-like drug, prostaglandin, is injected into the amniotic sac. It produces labor and premature birth. The unborn baby, in some cases, is born alive and placed aside to die. In order to avoid what abortionists describe as “The Dreaded Complication” of a live birth from a prostaglandin or salt-poisoning, abortionists now customarily kill the child first before evacuating the baby. Abortionists use ultrasound to guide an injection of lethal potassium chloride into an unborn baby’s heart. Other abortionists use an injection of digoxin to cause fetal cardiac arrest.

Sometimes salt is injected first, to kill the baby before birth and make the procedure less distressful for the mother. This method results in a very painful abortion for the mother. Prostaglandins are accompanied by serious problems of their own, including potentially lethal side effects. HYSTEROTOMY: A hysterectomy or Caesarean section abortion is used in the last trimester. The womb is entered by surgery through the wall of the abdomen. It is the same as a live delivery except that the baby is killed in the uterus, or is allowed to die from neglect if he is not yet dead upon removal.

This surgical method is done if a saline or prostaglandin abortion has failed or when a tubal ligation is done. This is a major surgery with inherent difficulties, possible complications, and a potentially painful recovery. DILATION AND EXTRACTION (D): This method of abortion (also known as a Partial Birth Abortion) was publically unveiled in 1992 and is used to kill babies from 20 weeks through full term. Because the opening of the woman’s cervix must be greatly enlarged, the abortion requires three days with repeated visits for insertion of laminaria. These are cylindrical shaped or tapered devices which are inserted into the cervix and which gradually increase in diameter as they absorb water to dilate the cervix. Three days later the abortion is performed. The abortionist ruptures the membranes and drains the amniotic fluid. Using an ultrasound on the mother’s abdomen, the baby is identified and orientated within the uterus. Having turned the unborn baby inside the uterus so that he or she is orientated feet first and face down toward the floor, the abortionist inserts forceps into the vagina, the cervical canal, and into the uterus and grasps one of the baby’s legs. The other leg with the remainder of the torso up to the baby’s neck is then pulled outside of the uterus.

The head is usually too large to deliver, so a blunt scissors is inserted into the base of the living baby’s skull and spread apart to enlarge the hole. The scissors are removed and a suction tube is inserted into the skull and the brains are suctioned out. This kills the baby, collapses the head, and the child is removed. Then the afterbirth is cut away. To put the size of the unborn baby at 20 weeks of development into perspective, the majority of D&X aborted babies weigh about a pound, are approximately 8 inches in length (measuring from the top of the head to the bottom of the rump), and are fully formed, with feet roughly 1 inch to 1 1/2 inches in length. Babies born at this stage of development (19 or 20 weeks) have survived.

RU 486 AND PROSTAGLANDIN: The French-developed “abortion pill” is a powerful anti-hormone (steroid) called mifepristone that interrupts the natural life process by inhibiting production of the progesterone necessary to prepare the uterine wall to support the pregnancy. As a result, the tiny developing baby literally starves to death as the nutrient lining of the womb sloughs off, and muscular contractions cause the dead baby to be expelled from the uterus. It is used to induce abortions between the fifth to ninth weeks of pregnancy. Women first take RU486 alone. Within 48 hours, only three percent have a completed abortion. The remainder of the women, ninety-seven percent, must take a second powerful drug, a prostaglandin.

In approximately five to ten percent of the women who use the RU486 abortion method, the drugs fail to kill the developing baby and the women usually have follow-up surgical abortions. RU486 can cause severe disabilities in babies who survive the abortion, can injure and possibly kill women, and could harm a woman’s subsequent offspring. Preliminary findings of the first independent studies reveal serious under- reporting of the abortion technique’s adverse side effects. At present, RU486 is licensed for use only in France, Britain and Sweden. It is being tested in other countries, including the United States, with the objective of marketing it extensively over the next several years. With RU486, a mother will more directly participate in ending the life of her unborn child, and verify that she has passed the “uterine content” that is her dead baby.

Nearly half of the French women polled report that they find this verification process disturbing.


Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy, and induced abortion is when a woman makes the decision to have her pregnancy ended in a surgical or medical way. The social conflicts arising from abortion have been around since the procedure was invented, and have risen since 1973 when it became legal after the Roe versus Wade decision. Communities are constantly battling over the issues of Pro-Choice and Pro-Life and how far into a pregnancy is too long to have the procedure performed.
There are several reasons that a woman may choose to abort a pregnancy. She may not feel she is ready to become a parent, or cannot support a baby at her current level of income or immature age. She may not want to be shunned upon by becoming a single parent or letting anyone know that she is pregnant and sexually active. An older woman might be dealing with the issues of already having enough children or she or the fetus could have a health problem. Another common occurrence of a woman wanting an abortion could be if she falls victim of rape or incest. The necessity of abortion within these circumstances draws great conflict from different points of view, especially those pertaining to religion. Many people have different ideas concerning which conditions are valid reasons to abort a pregnancy, while others feel the procedure is wrong no matter what.

All women, and even men, can be affected by this social conflict. According to Planned Parenthood, Nearly half of all women will have an abortion by the time they are 45 years old. About five million women in the U.S. become pregnant every year. Half of those pregnancies are unintended, and 1.2 million end in abortion. Promiscuous women
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using abortion almost as a form of birth control are the ones that bring about the most conflict of interest. Women living in inner-city areas with a high crime rate are more susceptible to become victims of rape, and therefore seek relief through abortion should a pregnancy occur.
Abortion is a common social problem worldwide. Approximately 210 million women around the world become pregnant each year. Out of all of these pregnancies, 80 million are unplanned, and 46 million will end in abortion. Internationally, the lifetime average is about one abortion per woman (After Three Decades).
In the United States, following the Roe v. Wade decision to legalize abortion in 1973, the U.S. abortion rate increased briefly, peaking in 1980 at 29 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44. It then declined, gradually at first, but more steeply after 1990, according to the study. The current rate (as of 1997) is 22 abortions per 1,000 women. (After Three Decades).

As represented by the statistics, abortion is practiced often throughout the world as well as in the United States. It is an issue that many have extremely strong feelings about and at the same time involves many gray lines. Words
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Abortion Abortion As of right now, abortion is legal in all nine months of the pregnancy for any reason. This controversial issue is a question of how important the value of life is. The turning point came in 1973 when the Supreme Court’s decision in Roe vs. Wade saying, that women have the right to murder an innocent child only up to 24 weeks. This false perception is fueled part by groups supporting abortion rights and it is then uncritically unaccepted by the media.

The fact is that the current law allows a woman to get an abortion for any reason she deems necessary. It seems ironic that a people can get so emotional when it comes to animal rights, yet see no wrong in ripping a developed baby from the protection of the mother. It is not the child’s fault that he or she was conceived. Some people argue that the developing is not technically a child yet because it cannot live on its own. Most of the procedures in murdering the growing child can be painful to the baby and be harmful to the mother.

So how can we as a nation make sure criminals are executed painlessly and let children be murdered by extremely painful measures. At 18 days after conception, a baby’s heart is already beating, and at 6 weeks, brain waves can be measured. At 8 weeks, the stomach, liver, and kidneys are functioning, and the fingerprints have formed. At 9 weeks, the baby can feel pain. Here are some methods of early abortion: Vacuum Curettage: powerful suction tube inserted through the cervix and into the womb.

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The unborn child is torn apart by the force of the suction; the fetal body parts and placenta are sucked into a jar. Possible complications include infection, cervical laceration and uterine perforation. Mifepristone: also known as RU-486, the chemical causes an abortion by interfering with the function of the placenta, starving the unborn child to death. Prostaglandins are then administered to expel the fetus. This method of abortion takes place over the span of several days; the average woman using it bleeds heavily for more than nine days, but some women have bled for over four weeks. Mifepristone is just beginning to be used in the US. Long-term health risks are not yet known. Methotrexate: though not approved by the FDA for this use, a methotrexate injection kills the unborn child by interfering with the growth process (cell division).

Several days later, the woman is treated with prostaglandin (misoprostol) suppositories to expel the fetus; the woman then aborts the child at home: It also requires three visits to a doctor to complete the process. Methods of Late Abortion: D: the cervix is pried open. Using forceps, the abortionist tears the child out of the womb, limb by limb. The child is then reassembled to assure that no fetal parts are left inside. Possible complications include infection, cervical laceration and uterine perforation. Prostaglandin: also called misoprostol, this chemical, which induces premature labor, is given as suppositories or an injection; live births are common.

Hazards include convulsions, vomiting, and cardiac arrest. Digoxin Induction: involves injecting a lethal chemical directly into the baby’s heart followed by labor induction with prostaglandin. Saline Abortion: a long needle is inserted into the woman’s abdomen, and a salty solution is injected into the amnionic fluid. The salt poisons the child, burning its lungs and skin. A dead baby is then delivered within 24 hours.

This method is being used less frequently for abortion due to the serious health risks to the woman. Hysterotomy: like a c-section, an incision is made in the woman’s abdomen. The baby is removed then allowed to die by neglect. This procedure carries the same health risks as a c-section. D&X: also known as “partial-birth abortion” this dangerous method of late abortion, termed “bad medicine” by the American Medical Association, involves pulling the baby out feet first into the birth canal while the head remains in the uterus. The abortionist then makes a hole in the back of the skull to remove the brains with a suction catheter.

The head collapses allowing the child to be removed in one piece . 700,000 abortions where the child is older than nine weeks are preformed in the United States each year. What is interesting is that 95 percent of the abortions are done s a means of birth control. Only one percent is performed due to rape and one percent is do to fetal abnormalities. The remaining 3 percent are due to the mother’s health problems . People on the pro-choice side often argue that the child in the womb is not a child until it is born. That has been proven wrong.

The child is a person as soon as it is conceived. The moment the sperm unites with the egg, a miraculous process takes place. The cells begin to divide into the genes that will or would make the child unique that would never be duplicated again. How can you say,”It is the mothers choice to have her kid.” You are right it is her choice, don’t have sex. What is a major factor is that most of the abortions are done by women between 14- 24 who have had conceived the child out of wedlock. We justify killing the innocent children saying that the Earth is overpopulated.

No, we are not. If the Earth is getting overpopulated then, why is the standard of living getting better. When we eliminate a child, we could have eliminated a child that could of solved a way to overcome a population problem. It is sad to see this nation fall to moral decay. This nation was founded on Godly principles and as we slowly slip away from the morals that this country was built on, we as a people will experience more problems.

The value of human life is much more important than the rights of animals and yet more people believe that the rights of animals is the same as humans. It is not. So then, why does this nation believe the killing of innocent, defenseless human babies is all right? Because they have been blinded from the truth.


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