AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1990:

A LEGISLATIVE HISTORY

Kelli Zona
American Congress
Dr. Robert Dewhirst
November 14, 2001

“Woof! You sure gotta climb a lotta steps to get to this Capitol
Building here in Washington! But I wonder who that sad little
scrap of paper is? I’m just a bill. Yes, I’m only a bill, and I’m
sitting here on Capitol Hill. Well, it’s a long, long journey to
the capital city. It’s a long, long wait while I’m sitting in
committee, but I know I’ll be a law someday…At least I hope and
pray that I will, but today I’m still just a bill. Gee, bill, you
certainly have a lot of patience and courage! Well I got *this*
far. When I started, I wasn’t even a *bill* – I was just an idea.

Some folks back home decided they wanted a law passed, so they
called their local congressman and he “You’re right, there ought
to be a law.” Then he sat down and wrote me out and introduced me
to Congress, and I became a bill. And I’ll remain a bill until
they decide to make me a law. Listen to those congressmen arguing!
Is all that discussion and debate about you? Yes. I’m one of the
lucky ones. Most bills never even get this far. I hope they
decide to report on me favorably, otherwise I may die. Die? Yeah:
die in committee. Oooh! But it looks like I’m gonna live. Now I
go to the House of Representatives and they vote on me. If they
vote “yes”, what happens? Then I go to the Senate and the whole
thing starts all over again. Oh no! Oh yes! I’m just a bill, yes
I’m only a bill. And if they vote for me on Capitol Hill, well
then I’m off to the White House, where I’ll wait in a line with a
lot of other bills for the President to sign. And if he signs me
then I’ll be a law…Oh, how I hope and pray that he will, but
today I am still just a bill. You mean even if the whole Congress
says you should be a law, the President can still say no? Yes,
that’s called a “veto”. If the President vetoes me, I have to go
back to Congress, and they vote on me again, and by that time
it’s…By that time, it’s very unlikely that you’ll *become* a
law! It’s not easy to become a law, is it? No! But how I hope
and I pray that I will, but today I am still just a bill! He
signed you, bill! Now you’re a law! Oh yes!” (School House Rock
Lyrics- How a Bill Becomes a Law).

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The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 started out exactly as the
bill in the famous School House Rock episode. The bill was introduced on
April 28, 1988 by sponsor Senator Lowell Weicker (R – CT), then as S 2345.

It was introduced in the House a day later by the sponsor, Representative
Tony Coelho (D-CA) as HR 4498. There were 63 co-sponsors in the Senate and
and 249 in the House (Library of Congress).Weicker made the statement
that “It will take the Americans with Disabilities Act to set the record
straight as to where we stand on discrimination and disability” (United
States Congress House Committee on Education and Labor). This bill was
drafted principally by the National Council on the Handicapped and in
response to their recommendation, it was promoted by Weicker and Senator
Thomas Harkin (D- IA). Tony Coelho, later sponsor, made the statement “the
act…is a major step towards achieving our dream of equality” (United
State Congress House Committee on Education and Labor).

“The current bills, as well as earlier legislation on which HR 2273
and S 933 are based, stem from the work of the National Council on the
Handicapped, a 15-member commission appointed by President Reagan” (Rovner
1121). The bill bars discrimination “on the basis of handicap in private-
sector employment, public services, and public accommodations” (Rovner
1122). Vice President George Bush soon joined in on supporting the act, as
the act was also supported by the 185 member organizations that make up the
Leadership Conference on Civil Rights and numerous health and social
organizations that backed comprehensive protections for AIDS and HIV
victims (Rovner 1121). Another factor playing in on Bush’s support was the
fact that he was running for President that year and committed to
supporting the act if elected President. A joint hearing was conducted on
September 27, 1988 by the Senate Subcommittee on the Handicapped and the
House Subcommittee on Select Education, which later held a hearing on
October 24. The bill was almost handed a blow when Weicker was defeated in
the re-election; however, Tom Harkin assumed the ADA Sponsor role in the
Senate. He then rallied the disability community to solicit Senator Edward
Kennedy (D-MA) to take a lead ADA role to compensate for the loss of
Senator Weicker (Rovner 1560). In 1989, a new version of ADA was formed by
President Bush, Coelho, Harkin, Hatch, and Kennedy, as well as the business
and disability communities. They became known as H.R. 2273 and S 933. This
is what became Public Law 101-336 (National Council on Disability).

. The committees of referral for H.R. 2273 consisted of House
Education and Labor, Energy and Commerce, Public Works and Transportation,
and Judiciary. They had a split referral due to the complex nature of the
bill. It dealt with transportation (Public Works), employment (House
Education and Labor), public accommodations, and telecommunications
(Energy and Commerce) (Holmes). The House Education and Labor committee
unanimously approved the ADA on November 14, but backers said that the
final passage wouldn’t occur until 1990. Thirty-four amendments were
rejected in the Education and Labor committee (Rovner 3167). The Energy and
Commerce committee became the first House panel to advance the ADA. The
section approved by the committee would require telephone companies to
establish a comprehensive panel of operators to help hearing-impaired
people communicate over the phone. However, it was not passed by the
committee until March 1990. The final vote in the committee was 40-3, with
all three “no’s” being submitted by Republicans (Rovner 837). The Public
Works and Transportation committee passed the ADA on April 3, 1990 by a
recorded vote of forty-five to five, with all five “no’s” being cast by
Republicans. “Although the votes broke largely along partisan lines as the
committee rejected a half-dozen amendments to the bill, disputes were
actually more regional in nature” (Rovner 1082). Republicans complained
that the bill tended to benefit large urban Democratic areas; Republican
John Hammershmidt’s (AK) amendments were all defeated in the committee
(Rovner 1082).After the committees passed it, the act went to the floor
then to conference with the Senate (Rovner 837).

Amendments 456-450 were presented on the floor on May 17, 1990. All
but amendment 448 passed; its recorded vote being 187-213. Numbers 447 and
449 were passed by voice vote. Amendments HA 452, 453, and 454 were all
offered on May 22, and all failed passage in the committee of whole by
recorded vote of 110-290 on 452, 148-266 on 453, and 192-227 on 454
(Library of Congress).

The bill became bogged down in a conference to resolve differences in
the versions. The bipartisan comity that marked this legislation broke
down on June 28, as glitches combined to prevent the bill from being sent
to the President before July 4th (Rovner 1657). Democrats began accusing
Republicans of trying to delay the bill, and Republicans angrily denied the
charges (Rovner 2071).The two differences between the House and Senate
bill was the cause of the hold-up. The House version would have allowed
restaurants to remove workers with infectious diseases from positions where
food is handled. The Senate bill included a provision allowing individuals
to sue senators for discrimination. Both disputes were resolved before
being passed by the House on July 12. The Senate eliminated the right to
sue senators, adopting an amendment that powered the Senate Select
Committee on Ethics to investigate and resolve the complaints of
discrimination. The conference committee also dropped the provision on
food handling, substituting an amendment that directs the Secretary of
Health and Human Services to publish lists of infectious and communicable
diseases that can be transmitted by handling food. There was opposition in
the House of eliminating the original provision, especially by amendment
sponsor Jim Chapman (D-TX). Although, part of the bipartisan breakdown
occurred because of this amendment. On June 27, Democrats in both chambers
got angered at the Senate Republicans because the House can’t consider a
conference report unless it has the official “papers,” which at the time
was in the hands of the Senate. Senate Minority Leader Bob Dole (R-KS)
blocked Kennedy from getting these papers. The House was expected to
defeat a motion to recommit the report to conference with the instructions
to restore the Chapman amendment (Rovner 2071-2072). It took floor battles
at each end of the Capitol during the week of July 9th and a second
conference to settle the two remaining differences (Rovner 2227). The House
did approve the conference report on July 12, 1990 with a final vote of 377
to 28 (Holmes). The vote held on May 22nd (before the House and Senate
versions were incorporated) passed with a vote of 403 to 20; 248 Democrats
and 155 Republicans voted for the bill, and 3 Democrats and 17 Republicans
opposed the bill. There were nine that didn’t vote and two vacant seats
(Holmes). Representative Steny Hoyer (D-MD) said “It opens the
opportunities and pursuit of happiness to 43 million Americans who have
disabilities and want to participate fully in the activities of our
country” (Holmes).

. The referring and reporting committee for the Senate was Labor and
Human Resources. The subcommittee was the Senate Subcommittee on
Handicapped. The Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee approved the
act on August 2, 1989 (Library of Congress).

On July 13, the Senate cleared the bill, approving the conference
report by a vote of 91 to 6 (Rovner 2227) after it finally overcame the two
previous obstacles. All 6 “no” votes were cast by Republicans. Their
reasons ranging from concern for increased suits against businesses to the
extension of protection against bias to people with AIDS. Senator Humphrey
(R-NH) stated that the bill doesn’t merely prohibit discrimination, but
requires employers to spend massive amounts of money to accommodate a
variety of applicants (Holmes). A highly emotional discussion occurred
where several Senators described their own personal experiences with being
handicapped and having handicapped relatives (Holmes). Edward Kennedy made
the comment that “Americans with disabilities deserve more than good
intentions. They deserve emancipation from generations of prejudice and
discrimination, some of it well-meaning, but all of it wrong-minded”(Rovner
2227). “More than one hundred supporters of the measure, some in wheel
chairs, gathered in a reception room off the Senate chamber and cheered
wildly when a security guard announced the final vote” (Holmes). A
companion bill was passed by a vote of 76 to 8 in September of 1989
(Holmes).

On the floor, 22 amendments were proposed and all were passed but two.

After one day of debate, they approved an amendment to codify an existing
Senate rule providing Civil rights protections for Senate employees.

Senator Wendell Ford (D-KY) argued that allowing courts to second-guess
congressional actions would be a violation of the Constitution’s separation
of powers between the branches. ADA sponsors then agreed to permit the
Senate to send it back to conference to replace the language permitting
Senate employees to go to court with the text of the amendment. While back
in conference, it allowed members to replace a controversial amendment that
would have permitted workers with communicable diseases to be transferred
out of food handling jobs, although the language was changed to where a
list of communicable diseases that can be transmitted through food and
those with those diseases could be transferred out of food-handling jobs
(Rovner 2228).

On August 2nd, 1989, President Bush and leaders of the Senate agreed
to support the ADA. President Bush supported the measure almost since it’s
inception in 1988. Bush claimed he was delighted with the action and
signing the bill (Nash). The Bush administration did campaign to alter a
key section. The administration opposed expansion of Title VII of the 1964
Civil Rights act to the ADA and wanted to makes sure that no monetary
damages are possible under the ADA. In return, the administration agreed
to broad coverage under a public accommodations title. Backers of the ADA
argued that the point was not to give them existing remedies, but to ensure
that the handicapped and disabled have the same means and access to
remedies for employment discrimination like women and minorities do (Rovner
837). The administration also drew back from efforts to toughen penalties
against businesses that don’t comply. Officially, the administration
didn’t withdrawal support because they were very supportive of the cause.

But, a new measure introduced in the House and Senate in February would
toughen the penalties to allow compensatory and punitive damages, as a
result, President Bush was reluctant to support the rights measure as long
as the penalties were tied to those in the Civil Rights Act (Holmes).

There was large support for this bill, including the 185 organizations
that made up the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, the National
Council on Disabilities (who drafted the original bill in 1988) and various
other organizations. It received wide attention; especially from those who
had disabilities that suffered from discrimination in employment. More
than 100 people in wheelchairs were arrested on the Capitol March 13, 1990
after they demonstrated for a swift passage of the act. Demonstrating on
the Capitol is against federal law. Many of the protestors had chain-
linked their wheel chairs together after the legislators departed and began
to chant. It was soon broken up by the Capitol police force (Holmes).

Many handicapped people were also lobbying before the opening of a debate
on May 18, 1990, and watched the House of Representatives debate afterwards
(Hosefros). Many people bound together on the attempt to pass the bill: a
group of students from the Alabama School for the Blind, the commissioner
of the Department of Mental Retardation, the commissioner for the
Massachusetts Commission for the Blind, the AIDS advisory board, the
National Multiple Sclerosis Society, and many other individual
organizations and individuals (United States House of Representatives
Committee on Education and Labor Vol. 2). They received thousands of heart-
wrenching stories from individuals who suffered from discrimination on the
basis of their disability. Pat Wright, executive director of the Disability
Rights Education and Defense Fund (a lobbying group) issued a statement
that said “No longer will people with disabilities be second-class
citizens” (Holmes). They had an overwhelming response to the bill and most
were advocates of the ADA. Hundreds of groups, organizations, and
individuals testified at hearings and sent letters to their Congressmen
(United States Congress Education and Labor Vol’s 1,2 and 3).

The bill was passed into law July 26, 1990 and the disabled community
celebrated the passage along with the organizations, health care providers,
and Congress. This bill received wide bipartisan support. Some distinct
party line voting did occur; more with the “no” votes than any of them.

The majority of the votes that were “no” were by Republicans (only three
Democrats voted to not pass the bill). Many Republicans were unhappy with
the requirements that businesses would have to meet, claiming it was too
expensive. However, only 17 did vote against the entire measure. The
reason for widespread, bipartisan support is pretty obvious. Not too many
Congressmen were willing to sacrifice their careers by voting no on the
most comprehensive rights act since the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This is
a classic Mayhew example – most of them reached out to the disability
community so that they could keep their jobs. Disabilities come in many
forms, and disabled people live everywhere, and most families have at least
one member with some sort of disability. Not only that, but they received
the widespread support of various organizations and that can equal campaign
contributions. By voting this bill into law, Congress received eminent
praises from society as a whole.


APPENDIX I House Actions
May 16, 90:
Committee on Rules Granted a Modified Open Rule Providing Two Hours of
Debate.

May 9, 89:
Referred to House Committee on Education and Labor.

Jun 9, 89:
Referred to Subcommittee on Select Education.

Jul 18, 89:
Subcommittee Hearings Held.

Aug 28, 89:
Field Hearings Held in Houston, Texas.

Sep 13, 89:
Subcommittee Hearings Held.

Oct 6, 89:
Field Hearings Held in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Jun 9, 89:
Referred to Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities.

Jul 18, 89:
Subcommittee Hearings Held.

Jul 17, 89:
Executive Comment Requested from HHS, ATBCB, EEOC.

Sep 6, 89:
Executive Comment Received From EEOC.

Nov 9, 89:
Committee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.

Nov 14, 89:
Ordered to be Reported (Amended).

May 15, 90:
Reported to House (Amended) by House Committee on Education and Labor.

Report No: 101-485 (Part II).

May 9, 89:
Referred to House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

May 22, 89:
Referred to Subcommittee on Telecommunications and Finance.

Sep 27, 89:
Subcommittee Hearings Held.

Oct 12, 89:
Subcommittee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.

Oct 12, 89:
Forwarded by Subcommittee to Full Committee (Amended).

May 22, 89:
Referred to Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials.

Sep 28, 89:
Subcommittee Hearings Held.

Mar 13, 90:
Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials Discharged.

Mar 13, 90:
Committee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.

Mar 13, 90:
Ordered to be Reported (Amended).

May 15, 90:
Reported to House (Amended) by House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

Report No: 101-485 (Part IV).

May 9, 89:
Referred to House Committee on The Judiciary.

May 16, 89:
Referred to Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights.

Aug 3, 89:
Subcommittee Hearings Held.

Apr 25, 90:
Subcommittee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.

Apr 25, 90:
Forwarded by Subcommittee to Full Committee (Amended).

Oct 12, 89:
Committee Hearings Held.

May 1, 90:
Committee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.

May 2, 90:
Ordered to be Reported (Amended).

May 15, 90:
Reported to House (Amended) by House Committee on The Judiciary.

Report No: 101-485 (Part III).

May 9, 89:
Referred to House Committee on Public Works and Transportation.

May 22, 89:
Executive Comment Requested from DOT, OMB.

May 22, 89:
Referred to Subcommittee on Surface Transportation.

Sep 20, 89:
Subcommittee Hearings Held.

Mar 6, 90:
Subcommittee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.

Mar 6, 90:
Forwarded by Subcommittee to Full Committee (Amended).

Apr 3, 90:
Committee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.

Apr 3, 90:
Ordered to be Reported (Amended).

May 14, 90:
Reported to House (Amended) by House Committee on Public Works and
Transportation. Report No: 101-485 (Part I).

May 15, 90:
Placed on Union Calendar No: 229.

May 16, 90:
Rules Committee Resolution H.Res.394 Reported to House.

May 17, 90:
Amendment HA 446 Offered by Representative LaFalce.

Amendment HA 447 Offered by Representative McCollum.

Amendment HA 448 Offered by Representative Olin.

Amendment HA 449 Offered by Representative Hansen.

Amendment HA 450 Offered by Representative Chapman.

Amendment HA 446 Passed in Committee of the Whole by Recorded Vote:
401 – 0 (Record Vote No: 116).

Amendment HA 447 Passed in Committee of the Whole by Voice Vote.

Amendment HA 449 Passed in Committee of the Whole by Voice Vote.

Amendment HA 450 Passed in Committee of the Whole by Recorded Vote:
199 – 187 (Record Vote No: 118).

Amendment HA 448 Failed of Passage in Committee of Whole by Recorded
Vote: 187 – 213 (Record Vote No: 117).

Rule Passed House.

Called up by House by Rule.

Considered by House Unfinished Business.

May 22, 90:
Amendment HA 452 Offered by Representative Lipinski.

Amendment HA 453 Offered by Representative Shuster.

Amendment HA 454 Offered by Representative Sensenbrenner.

Amendment HA 452 Failed of Passage in Committee of Whole by Recorded
Vote: 110 – 290 (Record Vote No: 119).

Amendment HA 453 Failed of Passage in Committee of Whole by Recorded
Vote: 148 – 266 (Record Vote No: 120).

Amendment HA 454 Failed of Passage in Committee of Whole by Recorded
Vote: 192 – 227 (Record Vote No: 121).

The Clerk Reported Committee Amendments.

House Agreed to Amendments Adopted by the Committee of the Whole.

Considered by House Unfinished Business.

Passed House (Amended) by Yea-Nay Vote: 403 – 20 (Record Vote No:
123).

Motion to Recommit Failed in House by Yea-Nay Vote: 143 – 280 (Record
Vote No: 122).

Laid on Table in House by Unanimous Consent.

House Incorporated this Measure in S.933 as an Amendment.


APPENDIX II
Senate Actions
May 9, 89:
Read twice and referred to the Committee on Labor and Human Resources.


May 9, 89:
Committee on Labor and Human Resources. Hearings held.

May 10, 89:
Subcommittee on Handicapped (Labor and Human Res.). Hearings held.

Jun 22, 89:
Committee on Labor and Human Resources. Hearings held.

Aug 2, 89:
Committee on Labor and Human Resources. Ordered to be reported with an
amendment in the nature of a substitute favorably.

Aug 30, 89:
Committee on Labor and Human Resources. Reported to Senate by Senator
Kennedy under the authority of the order of Aug 2, 89 with an
amendment in the nature of a substitute. With written report No. 101-
116. Additional views filed.

Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar
No. 216.

Sep 7, 89:
Measure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.

Amendment SP 708 proposed by Senator Hatch.

Amendment SP 708 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 711 proposed by Senator Harkin.

Amendment SP 712 proposed by Senator Harkin.

Amendment SP 711 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 712 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 709 proposed by Senator Hatch.

Point of order raised in Senate with respect to SP 709.

Motion to waive the Budget Act with respect to SP 709 rejected in
Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 48-44. Record Vote No: 170.

SP 709 ruled out of order by the chair.

Amendment SP 713 proposed by Senator Boschwitz.

Amendment SP 713 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 90-0. Record
Vote No: 171.

Amendment SP 714 proposed by Senator Hollings.

Amendment SP 714 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 715 proposed by Senator Helms.

Amendment SP 715 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 716 proposed by Senator Helms.

Amendment SP 716 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 717 proposed by Senator Harkin.

Amendment SP 717 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 718 proposed by Senator Harkin.

Amendment SP 719 proposed by Senator Dole.

Amendment SP 719 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 720 proposed by Senator Grassley.

Amendment SP 720 agreed to in Senate by Division Vote.

Amendment SP 718 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 721 proposed by Senator Humphrey.

Amendment SP 721 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 722 proposed by Senator Armstrong.

Amendment SP 722 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

Amendment SP 723 proposed by Senator Dole.

Proposed amendment SP 723 withdrawn in Senate.

Amendment SP 724 proposed by Senator Harkin.

Amendment SP 724 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.

The committee substitute as amended agreed to by Voice Vote.

Passed Senate with an amendment by Yea-Nay Vote. 76-8. Record Vote No:
173.

Sep 12, 89:
Message on Senate action sent to the House.

Oct 16, 89:
Senate ordered measure printed as passed with amendments of the Senate
numbered.

May 24, 90:
Message on House action received in Senate and held at desk: House
amendments to Senate bill and House requests a conference.

Jun 6, 90:
Measure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.

Senate agreed to request for conference by Unanimous Consent.

Motion to table the motion to instruct the conferees rejected in
Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 40-53. Record Vote No: 110.

Motion by Senator Grassley to instruct conferees made in Senate.

Motion to instruct conferees withdrawn in Senate.

Jun 7, 90:
Message on Senate action sent to the House.

Jun 26, 90:
Conference papers: Senate report and managers’ statement and official
papers held at the desk in Senate.

Jul 11, 90:
Amendment SP 2118 proposed by Senator Hatch.

Amendment SP 2119 proposed by Senator Helms.

Amendment SP 2119 not agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 39-61.

Record Vote No: 148.

Amendment SP 2118 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 99-1. Record
Vote No: 149.

Jul 12, 90:
Conference papers: message on House action held at the desk in Senate.


Jul 16, 90:
Message on Senate action sent to the House.


House Actions
Jun 27, 90:
Committee on Rules Granted a Rule Providing for the Consideration of
the Conference Report.

May 22, 90:
Called up by House by Rule.

Passed House (Amended) by Voice Vote.

House Struck all After the Enacting Clause and Substituted the
Language of H.R.2273.

Jun 27, 90:
Rules Committee Resolution H.Res.427 Reported to House.

Jul 12, 90:
Motion to Recommit (with Instructions) Failed in House by Yea-Nay
Vote: 180 – 224 (Record Vote No: 227).


Conference Actions
May 24, 90:
House Insisted on its Amendments by Unanimous Consent.

House Conferees Instructed by Unanimous Consent.

House Requested a Conference.

Speaker Appointed Conferees: Hawkins, Bartlett, Owens (NY), Fawell,
Martinez, Dingell, Markey, Thomas Luken, Lent, Whittaker.

Speaker Appointed Conferees: Anderson, Roe, Mineta, Hammerschmidt,
Shuster, Brooks, Edwards (CA), Kastenmeier, Fish, Sensenbrenner,
Hoyer, Chapman.

Speaker Appointed Conferees: Rinaldo.

Jun 6, 90:
Senate disagreed to the House amendments by Voice Vote.

Senate Conferees instructed.

Senate appointed conferees Kennedy; Harkin; Metzenbaum; Simon; Hatch;
Durenberger; Jeffords.

Senate appointed conferees Hollings; Inouye; Danforth from the
Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, solely for
consideration of issues within that Committee’s jurisdication
(telecommunications, commuter transit, and drug testing of
transportation employees).

Jun 25, 90:
Conferees agreed to file conference report.

Jun 26, 90:
Conference Report 101-558 Filed in House.

Jul 11, 90:
Conference report considered in Senate. By Unanimous Consent.

Motion to recommit conference report with instructions entered in
Senate.

Conference report recommitted by Senate. Voice Vote.

Jul 12, 90:
Conference Report 101-596 Filed in House.

House Agreed to Conference Report by Yea-Nay Vote: 377 – 28 (Record
Vote No: 228).

Jul 13, 90:
Conference report considered in Senate.

Senate agreed to conference report by Yea-Nay Vote. 91-6. Record Vote
No: 152.


Executive Actions
Jul 13, 90:
Cleared for White House.

Jul 17, 90:
Measure Signed in Senate.

Presented to President.

Jul 26, 90:
Signed by President.

Became Public Law No: 101-336.

* All taken from LIBRARY OF CONGRESS (www.congress.gov)