Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment “Eye for an Eye” and “Tooth for a Tooth” remains to be two of the 282 laws of justice that Hammurabi established. I am headed towards the topic of Capital Punishment. I am here to support Capital Punishment, and I believe that it has many positive effects to our society. One of the more common procedures in our country is the Death Penalty. the death penalty is extraordinarily rare.

Since 1967, there has been one execution for every 1600 murders, or 0.06%. There have been approximately 560,000 murders and 358 executions from 1967-1996 FBI’s Uniform Crime Report (UCR) & Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). As a supporter of Capital Punishment, putting a murderer to death row deters crime, efficiently utilizes the publics money, and is an equal retaliation. Body I personally believe that execution is an effective deterrent of crime. To support this argument, I think that if a person knows how fast you can be put to death by committing a crime, it will make them fully aware of their consequences in doing such crime. Although this doesnt stand for all people, I can say that it is an educational statement that many believe to be true. For all the people that are rational in the thought, the punishment of death seems to be a likely deterrent. Safety is another reason why I am fore Capital Punishment.

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It guarantees the society that the convicted murderer will never be out to commit another crime, which takes away a persons fear for their life from that one person. Statistics by Dr. Isaac Ehrlich at the University of Chicago claimed that capital punishment is indeed a deterrent. His research has shown that if the death penalty is used in a consistent way, it may deter as many as 8 murderers for every execution carried out. Also, Life Imprisonment most of the time only gives the prisoner one last chance to get out of the punishment, because prisoners are continually growing in number which leads to overcrowded jail facilities.

This allows the criminals to have an early parole than their sentence should have been which is totally wrong. When a persons minds intent is to kill someone, they should suffer and be executed. The opponents that are against Capital Punishment claims that a person executed could be innocent. While this could be true, and does happen, as a Christian, I believe that God will be the last person to make the final decision and judgment upon who is guilty or not. He will reconsider the fact of going to hell or heaven.

If you did not commit the crime, he will be the one to make the final decision. And thats the way a true Christian should view that issue. If you are not a believer, there are still many safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty. Some Safe Guards: 1) Capital punishment may be imposed only when guilt is determined by clear and convincing evidence leaving no room for an alternative explanation of the facts. 2) Anyone sentenced to death shall receive the right to appeal to a court of higher jurisdiction 3) Anyone sentenced to death shall have the right to seek pardon 4) Persons below eighteen years of a age, pregnant women , new mothers or persons who have become insane shall not be sentenced to death Capital Punishment, such as the death penalty, does in fact save money. Most people believe that it costs more to execute murderers than to imprison them for life, because of the cost of court appeals, and the time that it takes to carry out the death sentence procedure. But studies show that over time, Life Imprisonment costs more money overall than Life imprisonment does.

JFA estimates that Life with out parole Costs 1.2-3.6 million more dollars than equivalent death penalty cases. There is defiantly no question that the up front costs of the death penalty are much more higher than for equivalent LWOP cases. There also appears to be no question that, over time, equivalent LWOP cases are much more expensive – from $1.2 to $3.6 million – than death penalty cases. Capital Punishment is also an equivalent form of punishment. When a person murders a person, they should be ready to have their life taken.

The victim suffers more than the murderer on death row, because the victim deserved none of the suffering inflicted. The death of a murdered victim has a greater impact on their family, friends, and loved ones. For their loved one got murdered for unknown reasons. When a killer is executed, he is suffering the consequences upon what he did. It is only fair to punish someone equally upon what they did. Bibliography Us Vital Statistics Abstract, 1994, and C.P.

1995 BJS 1996 Death Penalty-American Civil Liberties Union.

Capital punishment

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
Capital Punishment deters murder, and is just Retribution
Capital punishment, is the execution of criminals by the state, for committing
crimes, regarded so heinous, that this is the only acceptable punishment. Capital
punishment does not only lower the murder rate, but it’s value as retribution alone is
a good reason for handing out death sentences. Support for the death penalty in the
U.S. has risen to an average of 80% according to an article written by Richard Worsnop,
entitled “Death penalty debate centers on Retribution”, this figure is slightly lower in
Canada where support for the death penalty is at 72% of the population over 18 years
of age, as stated in article by Kirk Makir, in the March 26, 1987 edition of the Globe and
Mail, titled “B.C. MPs split on Death Penalty”.(Makir, Kirk #3)
The death penalty deters murder by putting the fear of death into would be
killers. A person is less likely to do something, if he or she thinks that harm will come
to him. Another way the death penalty deters murder, is the fact that if the killer is
dead, he will not be able to kill again.

Most supporters of the death penalty feel that offenders should be punished for
their crimes, and that it does not matter whether it will deter the crime rate. Supporters
of the death penalty are in favor of making examples out of offenders, and that the
threat of death will be enough to deter the crime rate, but the crime rate is irrelevant.

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According to Isaac Ehrlich’s study, published on April 16, 1976, eight murders are
deterred for each execution that is carried out in the U.S.A. He goes on to say, “If one
execution of a guilty capital murderer deters the murder of one innocent life, the
execution is justified.” To most supporters of the death penalty, like Ehrlich, if even 1
life is saved, for countless executions of the guilty, it is a good reason for the death
penalty. The theory that society engages in murder when executing the guilty, is
considered invalid by most supporters, including Ehrlich. He feels that execution of
convicted offenders expresses the great value society places on innocent life.(#1)
Isaac Ehrlich goes on to state that racism is also a point used by death penalty
advocates. We will use the U.S. as examples, since we can not look at the inmates on
death row in Canada, because their are laws in Canada that state that crime statistics can
not be based on race, also the fact that there are no inmates on death row in Canada.
In the U.S. 16 out of 1000 whites arrested for murder are sentenced to death, while 12
of 1000 blacks arrested for murder were sentenced to death. 1.1% of black inmates on
death row were executed, while 1.7% of white inmates will die.(Makir, Kirk #3)
Another cry for racism, as according to Ehrlich, that is raised by advocates of the
death penalty is based on the color of the victim, for example “if the victim is white,
it is more likely that the offender will get the death penalty than if the victim had been
black”. This is true, if you look at the actual number of people who are murder. More
people kill whites and get the death penalty, then people who kill blacks and get the
death penalty. The reason for this is that more whites are killed, and the murders
captured. Now if we look at the number of blacks killed it is a lot less, but you have
to look at these numbers proportionately. Percent wise it is almost the same number for
any race, so this is not the issue.(Winsor, Hugh #4)
In a 1986 study done by Professor Stephen K. Layson of the University of North
Carolina, the conclusions made by Ehrilich were updated, and showed to be a little on
the low side as far as the deterrence factor of capital punishment. Professor Layson
found that 18 murders were deterred by each execution is the U.S. He also found that
executions increases in probability of arrest, conviction, and other executions of heinous
offenders.(Vienneau, David #2)
According to a statement issued by George C. Smith, Director of Litigation,
Washington Legal Foundation, titled “In Support of the Death Penalty”, support for the
death penalty has grown in the U.S., as the crime rate increased. In 1966, 42% of
Americans were in favor of capital punishment while 47% were opposed to it. Since
the crime rate United states has increased, support for the capital punishment has
followed suit. In 1986, support for capital punishment was 80% for and only 17%
against with 3% undecided, but most of the undecided votes said they were leaning
toward a pro capital punishment stance, if they had to vote on it immediately.

Let us now focus on Canada. The last two people to be executed, in Canada were
Arthur Lucas and Ron Turpin. They were executed on December 11, 1962. The
executions in Canada were carried out by hanging. (#1)
The death penalty was abolished in Canada in the latter part of 1976, after a
debate that lasted 98 hours. The death penalty was only beaten by 6 votes. If we look
back to 1976, the year the death penalty was abolished in Canada, threats of death, were
being made to Members of Parliament and their immediate families from pro death
penalty advocates. Most members of parliament, voted on their own personal feelings,
as opposed to the views of their voters.(Vienneau, David #2)
The same was the case in British Colombia, where accepting of the death penalty,
if it was reinstated 1987 , by the federal government was discussed. The M.P.s were
split, 17 out of 29 were for the death penalty. This showed, that even the majority of the
M.P.s were in favor of the death penalty in B.C. Support for the death penalty in
British Columbia at the time was almost 70%, but the M.P.s felt that it was up to them
to vote how they felt was right, and not to vote on which vote would give them the best
chance for a second term.(Makir, Kirk #3)
In 1987, the Progressive Conservative government wanted to hold a free vote on
the reinstatement of Capital punishment, but Justice minister Ray Hnatyshyn, who was
opposed to it, pressured the M.P.s, into voted against the bill. Ray Hnatyshyn, was the
deciding factor, if not for him, it was widely believed that the reinstatement of capital
punishment would have gone through, and the death penalty would be a reality
today.(Winsor, Hugh #4)
Capital punishment is such a volatile issue, and both sides are so deeply rooted
in their views that they are willing to do almost anything to sway all of the people they
can to their side.

We personally feel, and our views are backed up by proof, in the form of studies
by the likes of Isaac Ehrlich’s 1975 and Prof. Stephen K. Layson’s, that was published in
1986, and polls that have been taken both in Canada and the United States over the past
few years. All of these studies and surveys show that capital punishment is a valid
deterrent to crime, and obviously the public, and society as a whole are in favor of it.
The death penalty makes would be capital offenders think about weather committing a
crime is really worth their lives. Even if capital punishment did not deter crime, the
simple fact that it will allow society to “get even” with murders. Capital punishment
also insures peace of mind because it insures that murders will never kill again.Bibliography
1.) From: Take Notice, (Copp Clarke Pitman Ltd., 1979) page 163
2.) From: Article written by David Vienneau published in the March 24, 1987 edition of
the “Toronto Star”, titled, Debate Agonizing for MPs.


3.) From: Article written by Kirk Makir, published in March 26, 1987 edition of the
“Globe and Mail”, titled, BC MPs Split on Death Penalty Debate.


4.) From: Article written by Hugh Winsor, published in April 29, 1987 edition of the
“Globe and Mail”, titled, Debate on Death Penalty placed on hold.

Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment Martin Ferretti 3/5/00 Capital Punishment Capital punishment was established in this country many years ago to punish those members of society which have committed horrendous crimes against fellow citizens and in a way to give the family of the victims a sense of peace. Various forms of capital and corporal punishment exist around the world and in most cases are very closely related to the religion of the nation. I believe that capital punishment is an atrocious institution and should only be used in those very few cases where rehabilitation is not an option because it does not help the criminal become a member of society. It should be used only for those who kill just for the act of killing and for no other reason. The killer must be proved guilty beyond a doubt for this punishment to be used, and many times we find people on death row who are totally innocent of the crimes which have sent them to their deaths. Something is wrong with the justice system and it should be changed.

Around the country there is a serious deficit in funds for our schools and courts which obviously shows in the crimes rates around the nation. Lack of funds at schools, leads to kids finding a way of living on the streets, by stealing, dealing drugs, and sometimes killing. Lack of funds in the justice system gives us another problem. Many people who are innocent are sent to jail for years suffering for a crime they did not commit, and in the worst cases they are sent to their deaths. The law of this country is that everyone will receive fair and equal representation.

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Now, when someone is suspected of committing a crime, they are assigned a lawyer so that they may have their voice heard in front of the judge and jury and tried fairly. Is it fair that most of these lawyers works over a thousand hours and in most cases get paid only around two dollars? What kind of lawyer would work for this amount of money? The justice system is so poorly funded that it has no choice but to hire lawyers fresh out of college, or lawyers who can get no other case because of reputation, and throw them into the system to defend a poor guy with no other means of representation. Is it fair that the poor get such bad representation while the rich may get away with crimes simply because they can afford to pay for the best lawyers? Certainly not. To illustrate this point we must look at the case of Antonio James. He has been on death row at Angola Prison for nearly twenty years waiting for the death when he will walk down the hallway and enter the death chamber.

His death sentence had been previously postponed fourteen times and he was up for the next walk to the chamber. Mr. James had been in trouble the law as a young child growing up in the ghettoes of the south, but one day he was with the wrong guy and totally not in the control of the situation. Shots were fired and in the end, two people were killed, one two separate occasions. Antonio and two other men were arrested and tried for the robberies and murders but only Antonio went to jail for any significant time and was sentenced to death. His partners in crime walked out almost free because they testified that Antonio was the gunman on both occasions.

Antonio went to jail and years later he got a new lawyer, who discovered evidence that Antonio had not committed the murders. This kept Antonio alive for years until he was finally put to death. We then look at the case of O.J. Simpson. Simpson, also African-American, was a popular football star.

One day his ex-wife and her friend were murdered just outside of her home. Later Simpson was placed as the only suspect and he gave the police and the American public plenty of evidence that he was guilty of the crime. Simpson was found innocent despite the substantial evidence against him, but only because he could afford the best lawyers that could be bought. So what are the differences in the two cases? Both men were tried for murder, and both men were African-American, and yet one walked free. The issue here is money.

How could a judicial system that can be bought possibly be fair to all people? This country was founded on the words that “all men are created equal” and yet we treat this phrase as if only all white men or all rich men are created equal and this is not the case. If the judicial system is to work to its full extent then it should be color blind; especially to the color green. We also find cases where white defendants get away with crimes simply because they were white. A good example of this is the recently resolved Diallo case in the Bronx. If all or one of those officers were African-American or Hispanic, I’m not so certain the jury would have decided in the same way.

Even though much work has been done to stop racism there is still a long way to go before this country achieves the true equality which Dr. Martin Luther King and the civil rights movement dreamed of. Problems of the sort still persist throughout the country but in particular in the same. We must remember, however, that racism is not only a thing of the South. So how do we solve a problem as deep as this? We must find a way to revolutionize the system.

Every year, billions and billions of dollars are spent on military prowess and flights into space, while our education and judicial systems suffer and are worsened. People want quick answers so the government builds jails to get rid of all the “outcasts” of society, but people don’t realize that this only causes further problems and further expenditure of tax dollars. The only way to fix the judicial system is to start with schools. Properly funded schools with good facilities, faculty, proper maintenance, and proper books have shown to give great educations, but of course it all comes at a price. Institutions like Horace Mann and other prominent private schools spend thousands more per student and it obviously shows in the education of the child. Even public schools such as those found in prominent neighborhoods such as Scarsdale, are much better off than city schools simply because of property tax differences.

I propose that less is spent on military and space plans and more on education so that every child in the country may have enough knowledge to compete in the work place. This competition would only better the economy in time. With a more educated population, the crime rate would inevitably go down. The next step would be better funding of the judicial system. It is not fair that poor defendants who cannot afford their own lawyer receive a sentence because their two dollar an hour lawyer fell asleep during the hearings. Proper funding of courts would allow these poor defendants to have a better chance of proving their innocence and that if they are guilty that it may be proved beyond a doubt.

Jails are being produced at an incredible rate because of lack of funding to schools, but people don’t want to change this new institution because it generates jobs in poor towns. We as the American people, must begin to look to the future of our children and …

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