The South which was know as the Confederate States of America seceded from
the North, which was also know as the Union. The reason they wanted to
succeed was because there was four decades of great sectional conflict
between the two. The North and South had between them deep economic,
social, and political differences. The South wanted to become an
independent nation. There were many reasons why the South wanted to
succeed but the main reason had to do with the North’s view on slavery.
All of these issues were basically a different interpretation of the United
States Constitution on both sides. In the end all of these disagreement on
both sides led to the Civil War, in which the North won.
Some of the other reason other than slavery issue, that the South disagreed
on and that persuaded them to succeed the Union.The Northern states
favored a loose interpretation of the United States Constitution.The
North wanted to grant the federal government increased powers. The South
wanted to reserve all undefined powers to the individual states. The North
wanted internal improvements sponsored by the federal government. This was
to add more roads, railroads and canals.
The main reason for the South’s secession was the Slavery issue. People in
the South used all kinds of reasons to sanction slavery. Many of them
could not understand why the people in the North wanted slavery abolished.
Southerners wanted to expand the use of slavery when new territories were
acquired.In 1848 the Union acquired a huge piece of territory from
Mexico. This opened up new opportunities for the spread of slavery.
The last main conflict that led to succession was during the presidential
election of 1860. The newly formed Republican party, nominated Abraham
Lincoln on principles that opposed the further expansion of slavery. The
Southerners hoped the threat of succession would force acceptance of
Southern demands, but it did not. The existence of slavery was the central
element of the conflict between the North and South. The only way to avoid
the war was to abolish slavery. The abolishment of slavery wasn’t
accomplished because slavery kept the South running. Because slavery formed
to opposing societies and slavery could not be abolished the Civil War was
inevitable. The North and South had totally opposing views.