The term gothic refers to a genre that came about in the late 18th century. It can be a type of story, clothing, music or literature. A very good example of this type of literature is Mary Shelleys Frankenstein. There is a sense of foreboding throughout the whole novel, which is one of the basic necessities of the Gothic. This theme of the gothic has different characteristics that all fit into the story of Victor Frankenstein and his monster and make this one of the first horror stories ever told.
The very first characteristic of a Gothic novel is its sinister setting. The opening sentence sets the mood for the rest of the book. Shelly begins her novel with, You will rejoice to hear that no disaster has accompanied the commencement of an enterprise, which you have regarded with such evil foreboding. At this point of the novel, Walton is on a ship in the middle of the North Pacific Ocean, on his way to the North Pole. He is being blocked from all sides by ice, and can see nothing but ice for miles. The landscape is barren, and all of his crews are in fear of running out of food and fresh water. This setting is very sinister in lieu of the imminent death that is facing the crewmembers.
When the scene switches to the life of Victor Frankenstein, the reader finds out that everything is wonderful throughout his childhood. Later, when he goes away to college in pursuit of knowladge about alchemy and other sciences, everything gets darker and darker. When construction of the creature begins, Victor describes his workshop as a solitary chamber or rather a cell, at the top of the house, and seperated from all other apartments by a gallery and staircase.