Geneticist Construction I. A. The construction of a geneticist follows a difficult path of education, preparation, and hard work. B. Genetic Engineering C.
Scope 1- accomplishments 2- job description 3- education 4- opportunities 5- future 6- (interview) – Personal insight – Attraction to job II. Background III. Accomplishments IV. Job Description & Opportunities V. Education & salary VI. Interview -Attraction, Personal Insight -Future VII. Conclusion- Why I would or wouldnt be a genetic engineer? The Construction of a Geneticist The construction of a geneticist is a person that follows a difficult path of education, preparation, and hard work.
Geneticists along with all branches of Genetic Engineering have grown in numbers and importance over the last hundred years. Geneticists have accomplished things that Isaac Asimov and authors like him only dreamed about. What was science fiction then is science fact now, the cycle continues through this day. (Facklam 16) The genetic field will continue to grow until every aspect of life is perfect, but that will take quite a while. Career Opportunities in Genetics are everywhere within the biological community. They may work in colleges and universities, research institutions, medical institution, and commercial enterprises of many kinds.
Every work environment is unique, and categorizes overlap-but certain general trends exist. (Career Opportunities in Genetics 9) Genetic Engineering has a long past and an even longer future, however, to enter the field a person must have a strong background in sciences and intensive training. Despite the controversy of Genetics, Courtney Sailes of the Genentech Inc. has accomplished such training. He is working in the biochemistry division and has an important impact people across the world. Gregor Mendel is known as the father of Modern Genetics, however he was not the start of the long chain of genetic engineers.
(Microsoft Encarta 98) Genetic engineers can be traced back to 6000 BC when Yeast was used to make beer by Sumerians and Babylonians. Before that the domestication of animals was the most complex example of genetic engineering. Todays geneticists still work with animals and plants, however, instead of just studying them, they can create them. Geneticists also try to perfect and alter deficiencies to help solve problems in todays world. Geneticists creation of bigger fruit, vegetables and vaccinations help people live everyday.
Genetic Engineering may one day eliminate horrible genetic defects. (Facklam 79) Genetic Engineering is a science that can alter the ways in which we live, but not with out social and legal problems to solve as we go along. (Facklam sleeve) The discovery of the structure of DNA resulted in an explosion of research in molecular biology and genetics, paving the way for the biotechnology revolution. Genetic engineering became a reality when a man-made gene was used to manufacture a human protein in bacteria for the first time. Biotech companies and universities were off to the races, and the world will never be the same again. (Biotechnology Timeline 1977- Present) Accomplishments done in part of genetic engineering have made the earth a better and safer place to live. Hybridization of rice and wheat has increased food output by more than 100%.
(Encarta 98) Geneticist across the world are attempting to stop the spread of deadly cells strains, if there is a virus or bacteria there is a cure and a way to stop it. The vaccination of polio, the cure for leprosy, and small pox all are possible due to the minds and wills of genetic engineers. On July 25, 1979, Louise Brown became the worlds first test-tube-baby, hailed by many as a biological breakthrough and condemned by other as a way for man to control and manipulate life. (Facklam 87) The cloning of Dolly, the lamb, and other animals allows scientist to research cures for illness with little deviation in subjects. Almost all breakthroughs in the medical research field are directly related to genetic engineering. Geneticist play an important role in everything around us, they give us more than just better creations they give us a better understanding of life as we know it (C.O.
in G. 14), Geneticist is just a general title given to several occupations. Each specific occupation consists of its own environment, but share many common traits. Population Biology, Population Genetics, Evolution, Evolutionary Genetics, Sociology, Molecular Biology, Molecular Genetics, Agriculture, Plant Genetics, Biochemistry, Biochemical Genetics, Cytogenetics, Cytology, Medicine, Medical Genetics, Law, Neurobiology, Behavioral Genetics, Development Genetics, and Development Biology are such specifications. (1) Many geneticists work in academic institutions in biological sciences departments, they divide their time into teaching and research. These geneticist joined by their students, often strive for the same discovery as part of the curriculum. Generally the research goal is to better understand basic biological mechanisms at the frontiers of science, and often the answers cannot be predicted. (9) These research projects are long-term and may take several years to complete insuring job security.
Research institutions are mostly nonprofit organizations sponsored by private, federal or commercial agencies. In all of these cases, individuals tend to work within research teams ranging in sizes from two to twenty. Geneticists in a research institution have the advantage of pursuing exciting research of their own design, with a minimum of distracting obligations. (9) Commercial enterprises give a specific objectives and guidelines to the geneticist. The accomplishments are directly seen in society.
Pharmaceutical companies utilize molecular genetics to develop new medicines and vaccines; DNA cloning methods can use bacteria or yeast as factories to produce large amounts of the product of an isolated gene, such as insulin. The recent techniques of genetic engineering are becoming a major part of industrial efforts. Some biotechnology companies specialize in this new methodology. The companys administrators usually decide the project goals for the research team. Since these projects focus on short-term achievements. Geneticists in applied research programs can better predict their results than can geneticists in academia or research institutions. (10) Agricultural companies integrate breeding programs and molecular biology in new and ingenious ways to improve crop plants.
This produces higher yield and better quality of foods. Animal breeding companies are also trying the same ideas to create better livestock. The benefit of genetics in conquering disease is utilized in the medical research institutions and hospitals. Research projects are under …