Group Dynamics

The characteristics of effective Groups
Much can be learned about the art of building an effective group. We now understand many of the principles that create the proper environment in which groups can blossom and flourish. Yet we remain unable to “guarantee” that any given group will reach its goals or be anything more than modestly successful. However, even a group composed of “the very best people” has some probability of failure.( )
Groups can take on so much more risk than individuals and can attempt a level of greatness that is beyond the realistic hope of any individual.
To unleash the full power of groups, members need to sort out for themselves where and how they can best make use of their group and what, for them, group work means. Below are characteristics of effective Groups.


Clear Purpose
The group members must agree on a clear purpose or goal and each team member is willing to work to achieve these goals. The team is aware of and interested in its own processes and examines norms operating within the team. The team identifies its own resources and uses them, depending on its needs. The team willingly accepts the influence and leadership of the members whose resources are relevant to the immediate task.

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Listening
The team members continually listen to and clarify what is being said and show interest in others’ thoughts and feelings. Differences of opinion are encouraged and freely expressed. The team does not demand narrow conformity or adherence to formats that inhibit freedom of movement and expression. The team is willing to identify conflict and focus on it until it is resolved or managed in a way that does not reduce the effectiveness of those involved. The team focuses on problem solving rather than allowing by interpersonal issues or competitive struggles to drain the team’s energy.


Defined Roles
To get the most out of groups in any context you must clarify the relative roles of each other. It is vital to communicate clearly how you are going to foster leadership and groupwork simultaneously without appearing to be inconsistent. Roles are balanced and shared to facilitate both the accomplishment of tasks and feelings of team cohesion and morale.


Participation
To Reach Your Group’s Potential, participation and/or feedback it essential from other members Feedback provides you with the information you need to fix what is broken and keep what works. Some ways, to get feedback or participation are as follows:
Ask each other. Communicate to all team members that you value their input. Some members may be shy and asking questions may help another participate. Ask a question like “Is there any problems or positive inputs that can be contributed to the project?” Make it clear that you seek information for your benefit and the benefit of the group Member must actively listen to one another. Ask the other person how or what can your group can improve on. Otherwise you get individuals making large contributions for the benefit of the group, however evolving in possible conflict.


Self/Member assessment
Encourage risk taking and creativity, mistakes are treated as sources of learning rather than reasons for punishment. The team is responsive to the changing needs of its members and to the external environment to which it is related. Team members are committed to periodically evaluate the team’s performance. The members identify with the team and consider it a source of both professional and personal growth. Developing a climate of trust is recognized as the crucial element for facilitating all the above characteristics.