1. Student Objectives:
To be able to read the contents of a nutrition guideline, looking for specific items
To be able to compare/contrast the values of calories, fat content, carbohydrates, etc., in different cereal brands and list them
To be able to graph the results of their comparison/contrasting on a bar graph
To be able to apply this information to identify which cereal is healthiest/least healthy
To be able to design a cereal, box and toy of their own based on what they now know and what they enjoy
To write what the results of the lesson were in paragraph form
To have fun while working in small groups (2-3 people), conversing about the results
The concepts of basic nutrition will be taught, as well as graphing. Students will learn about calories, fat, and carbohydrates and learn how to graph them on a bar graph.
3. Instructional materials
Handouts (sample nutrition guideline and labeled graph paper)
Cereal (3 kinds) Cheerios, Fruity Pebbles and Lucky Charms
Overhead projector and transparencies
4. Anticipatory Set
Have students discuss the importance of eating breakfast and healthy eating. Ask what types of cereal they like to eat and why, and what the best prize was that they ever got in a box of cereal.
1. Have the students discuss the importance of eating breakfast and healthy eating, as well as their favorite cereal brands and why they are what they are. (5 minutes)
What is your favorite kind of cereal? Why?
Why do people think breakfast is important?
Why should we eat healthy foods?
Why are some foods more healthy than others?
2. Hand out a sample of a nutrition guideline to each student, placing a copy on the overhead projector. Explain what it is the students are looking at, identify important parts of the guideline (i.e. calories, fat and carbohydrates), and discuss what are healthy levels for each. (10 minutes)
3. Break the students up into groups of 2 or 3 people and have students give out samples of the three cereals with their nutrition guidelines, paper, and rulers. While they are doing this, write the three cereal names on the chalkboard, making rows of calories, fat and carbohydrates. Instruct the students to do the same, following the example on the board. Students may sample the cereal . (7 minutes)
4. Have the students write down the amount of calories, fat and carbohydrates in each respective column/row on their paper. Encourage them to work with their groups to obtain this information. (5 minutes)
5. Hand out labeled graph papers with 3 separate graphs (calories, fat and carbohydrates), designating a specific color for each brand of cereal. Explain to the students to color the boxes up to the number on the graph paper that coincides with the number on the list they just made, keeping the cereals separate by pencil color. (10 minutes)
6. Summarize the results and discuss them with the class by asking questions and observing and comparing the graphs. Answer any questions they may have .(7-8 minutes)
What cereal had the least amount of calories? Fat? Carbohydrates?
How does that relate to what we discussed earlier about healthy eating?
Which cereal was the healthiest?
7. Explain the homework and hand out each child 2 pieces of paper. One lined sheet for the students to explain which cereal they would choose and what they would design if they could, and one white sheet for them to design a cereal box and prize for their new cereal. (5 minutes)
Which cereal would you choose? Why?
If you could design a cereal, what would you want in it?
How would it look, taste, smell?
What kind of box would it come in?
What kind of prize would you get in the box?
Explain which cereal you would choose and create your own. Describe what it would look, taste and smell like. Draw what the box and prize that comes in it would look like.