Lockouttagout

.. two workers and killed one. In addition, in Dec. 1995 an Explosion injured 14 workers (27-9). These incidents happened at the same company. According to NIOSH Alert, out of the 152 fatalities investigated in 20 states during the years 1982-1997, the factors that contributed to these deaths were: Failure to completely de-energize the power source was 82% of the 152 deaths, failure to Lockout/Tagout was 11% of the 152, and failure to check to make sure all power sources were locked out/ tagged out were 7% of the 152 fatalities (Preventing Worker Deaths 99-110). Before the Lockout/Tagout standard went into effect, numerous injuries and fatalities occurred in the workplace that could have been prevented. After reviewing why Lockout/Tagout is essential in the workplace, one understands that for a minimal cost to implement a Lockout/Tagout program, the benefits that a company will reap are reduced downtime for machinery, reduced injuries and fatalities, and less monetary outflow caused from litigation. Bibliography Works Cited DeFelice Jr., Frank C.

Maintaining Medium-Voltage Substations and Switchgear Safely. Electrical Construction and Maintenance May 1997: 48+. Applied Science and Technology. H.W. Wilson.

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Randolph C. Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 16 Sept. 2000 http://hwwilsonweb.com/. Federal OSHA Targets AK Steel for Fines and Further Inspections. Occupational Hazards May 1996: 25. Periodical Abstracts.

Ovid Technologies. Randolph C. Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 11 Sept. 2000 http://texshare.edu/ovidweb/ovidweb.cgi. Figura, Susannah Zak.

Lockout/Tagout: A Matter of Control. Occupational Hazard Dec. 1996: 27-29. Periodical Abstracts. Ovid Technologies. Randolph C.

Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 11 Sept. 2000 http://texshare.edu/ovidweb/ovidweb.cgi. Finnigan, Lisa. A Downside to Lockout/Tagout Rules. Occupational Hazards Aug. 1997: 15-16.

Periodical Abstracts. Ovid Technologies. Randolph C. Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 11 Sept. 2000 http://texshare.edu/ovidweb/ovidweb.cgi. Gilbreath, Tommy Dr.

Personal interview. 28 Sept. 2000. How to Lockout/Tagout as per the Procedure Laid Out in 1910.147. 9 Sept. 2000 http://www.fred.net/ogdenc/howloto.html.

Kelley, Stephen M. Lockout/Tagout: A Reminder. Material Handling Management Mar. 2000: 40. Applied Science and Technology Fulltext.

H.W. Wilson. Randolph C. Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 16 Sept. 2000 http://hwwilsonweb.com/. Lockout/Tagout.

Arnot Ogden Medical Center. 9 Sept. 2000 http://www.aomc.org/HOD2/general/Accinjpr-LOCKOUT .html. No Exemption from Lockout Tagout. Occupational Hazards Jan. 1994:12-13.

Periodical Abstracts. Ovid Technologies. Randolph C. Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 11 Sept. 2000 http://www.texshare.edu/ovidweb/ovidweb.cgi. Preventing Worker Deaths from Uncontrolled Release of Electrical, Mechanical, and Other Types of Hazardous Energy.

NIOSH Alert. Aug. 1999. 17 Oct. 2000 http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/99-110.html 01/01/1989 – Control of Hazardous Energy Sources (Lockout/Tagout). OSHA Fact Sheets.

1 Jan. 1989, 17 Oct. 2000 http://www.osha-slc.gov/OshDoc/Fact data/FSNO89-32.html Annotated Bibliography DeFelice Jr., Frank C. Maintaining Medium-Voltage Substations and Switchgear Safely. Electrical Construction and Maintenance May 1997: 48+. Applied Science and Technology.

H.W. Wilson. Randolph C. Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 16 Sept. 2000 http://hwwilsonweb.com/. Safety is no accident. Many companies that were built with safety steps in place from the beginning have much better safety records than those who did not use this strategy.

The safety steps include training and inspection, pre-outage preparation, system shut down, and Lockout/Tagout, which include personal and department, and insuring de-energization. Federal OSHA Targets AK Steel for Fines and Further Inspections. Occupational Hazards May 1996: 25. Periodical Abstracts. Ovid Technologies.

Randolph C. Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 11 Sept. 2000 http://texshare.edu/ovidweb/ovidweb.cgi. In Oct., 1995, there was a flash fire at AK Steel Corp. killing one production and injured to maintenance workers. OSHA fined steel mill with a $1 million proposed penalty and hinted that more enforcement action may be forthcoming.

The company was cited for fourteen alleged willful violations and five alleged serious violations of the Lockout/Tagout standard. Figura, Susannah Zak. Lockout/Tagout: A Matter of Control. Occupational Hazards Dec. 1996: 27-29.

Periodical Abstracts. Ovid Technologies. Randolph C. Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 11 Sept. 2000 http://texshare.edu/ovidweb/ovidweb.cgi. In 1996, OSHA issued over 6000 violations of the lockout tagout standard. Why do so many companies violate the lockout tagout standard? According to many safety professionals, this standard is the easiest and most effective to follow.

OSHA estimates that the lockout tagout standard saves 122 lives and prevents 28,000 lost workday injuries annually. According to OSHA, a lockout tagout program must include three basic elements: (1). Written procedures, (2). Training, and (3). Periodic audits at least once a year. Finnigan, Lisa.

A Downside to Lockout/Tagout Rules. Occupational Hazards Aug. 1997: 15-16. Periodical Abstracts. Ovid Technologies. Randolph C.

Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 11 Sept. 2000 http://texshare.edu/ovidweb/ovidweb.cgi. Does OSHA’s Lockout/Tagout requirements create hazards for process systems and piping networks, workers? According to Jerry Walker, a representative of the American Petroleum Institute, it does. Walker says that special provisions can be incorporated into this rule. American Petroleum Institute will like a separate, general industry rule addressing the isolation of process systems and piping networks. How to Lockout/Tagout as per the Procedure Laid Out in 1910.147.

9 Sept. 2000 http://www.fred.net/ogdenc/howloto.html. In utilizing Lockout/Tagout, one must follow certain procedures. These procedures involve preparing equipment for shutdown, actually shutting down the equipment then isolating a power source. After the technician has performed these steps, the technician must apply the lock and/or tag.

Once the lock and/or tag is applied the technician must release residual energy then try to power up the equipment. Do not remove the lock or tag until the equipment is safe to operate. Kelley, Stephen M. Lockout/Tagout: A Reminder. Material Handling Management Mar. 2000: 40.

Applied Science and Technology Fulltext. H.W. Wilson. Randolph C. Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 16 Sept. 2000 http://hwwilsonweb.com/.

OSHA’s Lockout/Tagout standard has been in effect since September 1, 1989; yet, there are still hazardous energy release incidents occurring. There are elements to success in preventing these incidents. These include visible management leadership, employer participation, enforcement and accountability, design and installation, and review and revision. Vital to program success these procedures must be understandable and easy for employees to implement. Lockout/Tagout. Arnot Ogden Medical Center.

9 Sept. 2000 http://www.aomc.org/HOD2/general/Accinjpr-LOCKOUT .html. When it comes time to setup equipment, repair or maintain equipment, unplugging the equipment is simply not enough. Accidents can happen when people think that the machine is safely off. Lockout/Tagout is the best way to protect oneself.

Using Lockout/Tagout ensures that the machine is safely turned off. Without the Lockout/Tagout procedure, the machine can possibly start up. To prevent these start-ups the technician needs to be sure that all the machines electrical systems and /or power sources are off. (Power sources such as: electrical current, stored electricity (such as in a capacitor), stored pressure (such as compressed air), stored mechanical energy (such as in a coiled spring), or gravity needs to be identified and shut down.) No Exemption from Lockout Tagout. Occupational Hazards Jan. 1994:12-13.

Periodical Abstracts. Ovid Technologies. Randolph C. Watson Lib., Kilgore, TX, 11 Sept. 2000 http://www.texshare.edu/ovidweb/ovidweb.cgi. According to a rule set by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission, servicing repairs on printer/slotter machines between operational runs are not exempt from Lockout/Tagout coverage. A printer/slotter machine prints, scores, and slots sheets of paperboard.

According To Westvaco Corp., each order of cartons is different. According to the company officials, the adjustments to the machine take between fifteen and forty-five minutes. The Commission cited Westvaco Corp. for not developing an Energy Control Program to protect employees from the energizing of this machine and the company was fined $560. Technology Essays.