The Crucible

Throughout the course of life, many things are needed to survive. The main three are food, shelter, and love. Along with these main things there are side items. One of which is entertainment. Entertainment comes in a variety of forms. Some include: sports, music, video games, shopping, and movies. From observation one can conclude that movies are a popular form of entertainment. What most people fail to see when they view a movie are the camera angles, visual aids, and audio aids used by the director of the film. In The Crucible by Arthur Miller, the director demonstrates the power of image, sound, and camera techniques very well.

	In Act I Scene I, the opening scene, there are many audio and visual aids used. When all of the girls gather in the woods, mysterious music is playing. As the women get further and further into the forest, the scenery gets darker. When all of the ladies are gathered around the pot, whispering is used to catch the attention of the viewers. As the scene continues one of the persons starts singing a voodoo song. A girl takes a dead chicken and drinks the blood from it. By now everyone is running wild jumping and screaming. One girl feels the urge to get naked and dance around. By now the governor has entered the scene. The maidens see him and recognize him. They all frantically run away, except two. One is screaming because of what she has seen. She claims to not be able to move. The other one is holding her staring off into an endless gaze.

	Aside from the audio and visual points, there are various camera angles used. When everyone is circled around the boiling pot the camera man uses a stedicam shot to circle around and show everyone’s face. When the viewer is seeing a girl take off her clothes the camera technician uses a zoom shot. This holds true when the governor approaches the gathering.

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;#9;In Act III Scene III some of the best techniques in the whole movie are used. This is the scene when John Proctor and the little group of girls are in the court room. When John’s wife enters the room the girls start glaring at her. At the same time this is happening, mysterious music is playing. There is a dead silence in the room. Then the girls start screaming. Abigail turns pale, and her temperature drops considerably.

	The camera angles in this scene are quite interesting. It starts off with a high angle tilt, just before the girls start screaming. A pan shot is used when they are screaming. It circles around the courtroom to show the expressions of the other people. An eye level shot is used when Abigail sees the spirit. Then a high angle zoom is used to simulate the bird like spirit coming down on her.

	In Act IV Scene visual and audio techniques are used very well. There is also a good image in this scene. John Proctor and his wife are standing on a cliff. The image here is the cliff. John has the choice to jump to his death should he choose or stay and decide whether or not to confess and save his life or stay as he is. As the two are talking the wind is blowing in their faces. Usually when the wind blows in a movie the viewer only sees hair blowing. In this movie the wind was heard as well as seen. At the beginning of the movie the town was bright and filled with glee. By now everything is dark and gloomy. John and his wife are covered in filth. This also symbolizes the crumble of the town. It shows that there was some kind of struggle.

	The camera angles in this particular part during the movie are also well done. Two stuck out the most. One was an eye-level shot. During the conversation the camera was at the eye level of the two characters. Second, was a zoom shot. The camera comes from a distance right up into John’s face. This was a common shot that the director portrayed during the movie.

;#9;A strong canidate for the most powerful scene in the entire movie was the end. This part of the movie was not written in the play. The audio and visual aids were just a total improvisation by Miller. As the convicts were being escorted to the platform, not a word was spoken by neither the prisoners nor the crowd that was gathered around. The only thing that the viewer hears is sorrowful music. The viewer sees people speaking but does not hear anything. John proctor being hanged symbolizes the saying, “Be true to yourself.” This means that you can’t lie to yourself. A person must believe in his/her self before anything else. At the end the only thing heard by the viewer is a rope swinging from side to side. This in it self says a lot.

	There weren’t a whole lot of camera shots in this part of the movie. One caught was a high angle tilt. The camera is focused down on the platform from way up above. Aside from that there were a few eye level shots and a low angle tilt. This was when the crowd was looking up at the platform.

;#9;In conclusion, people tend not to notice other things in a movie aside from the plot. If one was to pay a little closer attention, the movie might turn out better than ever. This is living proof that some things just go unnoticed. Yet movies are still a valuable part of the entertainment world. If entertainment did not exist, the lives of people would certainly be boring.

The Crucible

The Crucible The Evolution of a Truth Seeker A crucible is a severe test as of patients or belief, a trial. The play The Crucible is a journey through the trials of many townspeople caused by the superstitious belief of witchcraft. In The Crucible, Arthur Miller progresses and evolves the outlooks and views of the townspeople of Salem and shows how events, people, and catastrophes cause the characters to change their views on whether the people prosecuted were guilty or innocent of witchcraft. Reverend John Hale changes his view, more and more drastically as the play advances, as a result of the events that he underwent and the experiences he had. Soon he had total belief in the innocence of all those convicted and hung in Salem. Arthur Miller weaves many events into the story that contribute to the alteration in Hale’s mindset.

In the middle of Act 1, Hale arrives and is perceived by the town as “The truth seeker”. Hale is called upon to determine what sort of witchcraft, if any, is occurring (Page 33-35). Hale arrives admired by the people, who all want him to claim it was witchcraft that has occurred. Although unsure, he understands he is being led toward the conclusion of witchcraft by the town’s false pretences and mass hysteria. He begins to see a weakness in the position of the townspeople of Salem and tries to not let common accusations be the support for his diagnosis.

The conversations that Hale has demonstrate the evolution of his mindset. In Act II, Hale is traveling around the town, going house-to-house, searching for accused women to warn them that their names have been mentioned in the court. Soon, Hale finds himself standing at the Proctor home. At this moment, Hale sees a different perspective on the entire situation. “Proctor: I – I have no witness and cannot prove it, except my word be taken. But I know the children’s sickness had naught to do with witchcraft.

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Mr. Parris discovered them sportin’ in the woods. They were startled and took sick. Hale: Who told you this? Proctor: Abigail Williams.”(Page 68-69) Originally, Hale was only provided evidence that witchcraft was occurring in the town. Now that he has visited the Proctor’s home, he finds more support for his suspicion of the girls’ claims as he finds truth in the words of John Proctor.

“Abigail Williams told you it had naught to do with witchcraft .. Why – why did you keep this? .. Nonsense! Mister, I have myself examined Tituba, Sarah Good, and numerous others that have confessed to dealing with the Devil. Thy have confessed it .. And you – would you testify to this in court?”(Page 68-69) No longer believing that Abigail and her crew were correct, Hale finally opens his eyes to the new possibility that those who confessed did it for the sake of not being hung.

Hale sees the honesty in Procter and believes he is able to trust his word and at last not be as closed-minded about the witchcraft situation in Salem. Abigail Williams and her crew are now appearing in the court. Hale is really perceiving the show that the girls are putting on. Danforth may not be recognizing the lies of the children, but Hale become convinced that the claims of the children are false. “I denounce these proceedings. I quit this court”(Page 120). Hale is becoming frustrated with the mass hysteria of the town and fed up with the lies of the girls. He can see the lack of truthfulness in all of the testimonies and court appearances of the girls. Later, Hale stands up for his belief in the innocence of the victims even though they have been forced to admit their guilt (Page 130).

“You will confess yourself or you will hang” (Page 117). “Postponement means a floundering on my part”(Page 129). He starts to realize that the court although, apparently truthful and fair, can be misleading and forceful in finding the guilt or innocence of a person depending on what the court desires. Miller uses the strongest form of influence possible to finally sway Hale into total belief in the innocence of those convicted in Salem. The deaths of the people served as an enormous influence on the opinion of Hale, eventually to the point where Hale has no belief that any of those in the town are bewitched.

As Hale stands and awaits the death of Proctor, he knows that Proctor is innocent (End of Act IV). There is no doubt in his mind that witchcraft has not occurred in the town of Salem. Hale now sees that many have died without cause and that those who have been hanged, even Giles Corey who died on the stone, were innocent. Hale stands before the man who opened his eyes to more than pretense and lies. He is now looking at the one man who changed his belief in the existence of witchcraft in Salem. Hale begs Elizabeth to plead with Proctor to save him, but Elizabeth cries, He have his goodness now.

God forbid I take it from him!(End of Act IV). Proctor and Rebecca Nurse are then led to hang. Hale now has a great feeling of regret that he didn’t effect and help save the town from the childish lies that killed so many. Entering these trials, Reverend John Hale feels as though he is an expert in witchcraft. He is specifically called upon by Reverend Parris to diagnose his daughter and determine whether witchcraft is the cause of her illness.

Although inconclusive about the nature of the child’s illness, Hale has a slight feeling of doubt that witchcraft has occurred. From the beginning, Hale has tried to not let the pressure of the hysterical town influence his decision. Due to the increase in activity of the witch trials, Danforth and others are sent in and Hale quickly loses his authoritative position in the town. As he watches the trials and the hangings of the townspeople, Hale comes to see that the entire witch trial was a hoax and regrets he didn’t make more of an impact, and sooner, on the “Bewitched” town of Salem. Book Reports.


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