.. ratis, Egypt. There are three standard types of columns in Greek classical architecture. The oldest is the Doric, which is the widest, has no base, and is topped by a simple abacus with an echinus directly underneath it. The Ionic column has a base and a capital made of scroll-shaped volutes directly beneath the abacus.
The most elaborate column is the Corinthian. It has the most complex base, and the capital is made of layers of carved acanthus leaves ending in volutes. All three columns have fluted shafts. The Aryballos was a very colorful vase. The black figure technique and the very Eastern-looking panther are characteristic of the Orientalizing style.
Also characteristic are the flower like decorations, which are blobs of paint scored with lines. The musculature and features of the panther are also the result of scoring. The most characteristic shape was that of the aryballos, a polychromed container for carrying liquids. The Corinthian artist developed a miniature style that made use of a wide variety of eastern motifs-sphinxes, winged human figures, floral designs-all of them arranged in bands covering almost the entire surface of the vase. White, yellow, and purple were often used to highlight details, produced a bold and striking effect.
The small size of the pot mad them ideal for exporting. The vases are well made, the figures lively, and the style instantly recognizable as Corinthian-an important factor for commercial success. Lyric Poetry. The lyric was originally a song to be sung to the accompaniment of the lyre. Two main types of lyrics were composed in ancient Greece: the personal and the choral lyric. The personal lyric was developed on the island of Lesbos (modern Lsvos).
The poet and musician Terpander, who was born on Lesbos but lived much of his life in Sparta, introduced the seven-string lyre and set the poems of Homer to music. Most of his poems were nomes, or liturgical hymns, written in honor of a god, especially of Apollo, and sung by a single performer to the accompaniment of the lyre. The surviving fragments of his work are of doubtful authenticity. Terpander was followed later in the 7th century BC by the great poets of Lesbos. Alcaeus treated political, religious, and personal themes in his lyrics and invented the Alcaic strophe.
Sappho, the greatest woman poet of ancient Greece, invented the Sapphic strophe and wrote also in other lyric forms. Her poems of love and friendship are among the most finely wrought and passionate in the Western tradition. The Lesbian poets, as well as a number of later lyric poets from other Greek cities, composed their poems in the Aeolic dialect. In the 6th century BC the playful lyrics of the poet Anacreon on wine and love were written in various lyric meters. Subsequent verse similar in tone and theme was known as anacreontic. The choral lyric was first developed in the 7th century BC by poets who wrote in the Dorian dialect.
Dominant in the region around Sparta, the Dorian dialect was used even in later times, when poets in many other parts of Greece were writing choral lyrics. The Spartan poets first wrote choral lyrics for songs and dances in public religious celebrations. Later they wrote choral lyrics also to celebrate private occasions, such as a victory at the Olympian Games. The earliest choral lyric poet is said to have been Thaletas, who in the 7th century BC reputedly came from Crete to Sparta in order to quell an epidemic with paeans, or choral hymns addressed to Apollo. He was followed by Terpander, who wrote both personal and choral lyrics; by Alcman, most of whose poems were partheneia, processional choral hymns sung by a chorus of young girls and partly religious in character and lighter in tone than the paeans; and in the late 7th century by Arion.
Arion is said to have invented both the dithyramb, or hymn to Dionysus, and the tragic mode, which was used extensively in Greek drama. Later great writers of choral lyrics include Sicilian poet Stesichorus, a contemporary of Alcaeus, who introduced the triadic form of choral ode, consisting of a series of groups of three stanzas; Ibycus of Rhegium, author of a large extant fragment of a triadic choral ode and of erotic personal lyrics; Simonides of Ceos, whose choral lyrics included epinicia, or choral odes in honor of victors at the Olympian Games, encomia, or choral hymns that celebrated particular persons, and dirges, as well as personal lyrics, including epigrams; and Bacchylides of Ceos, a nephew of Simonides, who wrote both epinicia, of which 13 are extant, and dithyrambs, of which 5 are extant. The ancient statues and pottery of the Golden Stone Age of Greece were much advanced in spectacular ways. The statue of Zeus was done for a very good reason. The statue represents being the lord of the sky, the rain god and the cloud gatherer. When I look at this statue, I see a whole bunch of different things, for example, I see a statue that has great muscular shapes which to me it represents that he had power over some town or group of people.
I personally would be afraid of a statue that looks like Zeus. The Kore and the Kouros both emphasize and generalize the essential features of the human figure and show an increasingly accurate comprehension of human anatomy. The youths were either sepulchral or votive statues. The Blinding of Polyphemus, the son of Poseidon, god of the sea, and of the nymph Thoosa. Odysseus gave Polyphemus some strong wine and when the giant had fallen into a drunken stupor, bored out his one eye with a burning stake.
The Dori and Ionic columns were rectangular and stood on a low, stepped terrace in an enclosure where rituals were performed. These columns were very much done with a great deal of intelligence. I personally do not understand how the people of the Golden Age had such intelligence in the columns for where they can build one or two to hold up a building, and it now still stands. Its incredible. The Aryballos are a very colorful vase.
They Golden Age folks had great artistic talent to dray out on a vase the beautiful colors and drawings that it has. The Vase has an organizing style. The vase were used for carrying liquids. Vases like the Aryballos are now worth a fortune, why? Well, it took a great deal of time and talent to make these vases. The vases are probably worth about one million a piece.
The height of the vases are varied, depending on the designs that were put on it. I think that the people of the Golden Age were very talented. The objects that we have from back then is very remarkable. The objects are had a great deal of time put into each of them. The pottery for example was what had really gotten to me because of the art that were drawn on it and the why they used there colors.
I think that if It wasnt people like the Golden Age people who had drew these great objects, we would be way behind on the art that we have today. I like to look at it like our fathers before us that are teaching us what we know now. I must say, living in the nineties are much more better, relaxing, stress less, and more of a easy life now than before. I that god that I am here now with the knowledge that I know now. If I was a Nejeh in the Golden Age, I would probable commit suicide, if I wasnt killed by someone else.
I can not complain. We have it good, we must thank God for being where we are.