The Jews are a people with a multitude of dilemmas. From the Israelite tribes to the prosperous modern day Israel , bigotry towards the Jews has been greatly evident. The Jewish race has acted as Escape Goat for many crisis throughout history including the black plaque which swept across Europe in the 14th century. The establishment of Israel was a great incident was something the Jewish people were striving to obtain for generations. This, however, led to four major conflicts between Israel and the Arab countries.
One of the most meaningful wars was the Six-Day War. Events such as the holocaust have also had a dramatic effect on world history and whose mysteries are still being unravelled. For twelve years following 1933 the Jews were persecuted by the Nazi’s. Jewish businesses were boycotted and vandalized. By 1939,Jews were no longer citizens,could not attend public schools,engage in practically any business or profession, own any land, associate with any non-Jew or visit public places such as parks and museums.
The victories of the German armies in the early years of World War II brought the majority of European Jewry under the Nazis. The Jews were deprived of human rights. The Jewish people were forced to live in Ghetto’s which were separated from the main city. Hitler’s plan of genocide was carried out with efficiency. The total number of Jews exterminated has been calculated at around 5,750,000.
In Warsaw ,where approximately 400,000 Jews had once been concentrated,was reduced to a population of 60,000. They, virtually unarmed, resisted the German deportation order and had held back the regular German troops equipped with flame throwers,armoured cards, and tanks for nearly a month. This heroism was similar to the revolt which took place around 165BC. This uprising was led by the Maccabees, a provincial priestly family (also called Hasmoneans). They recaptured the Temple and rededicated it to the God of Israel. The Maccabees made there last stand on a mountain and was able to hold back the syrians for more then a month.
There is a distinct similarity between the two stories and that is possibly why they are both recognised as holidays in the Jewish faith. These horrific events of the holocaust have let to some consequences which are beneficial and some are unfortunate to the Jewish people. The population of the followers has greatly declined. Also the Jewish people after the war still had problems finding jobs. They had to essentially start there life over. Most of them lost a close relative or at least knew someone who died in the gas chambers of the Nazi concentration camps.
This has put a psychological strain on Jewish survivors or no longer having family and friends with them for support. This event has awaken the world up to the needs of the Jewish people. It has given them political power and a justification for some of their actions. On May recognised,1945 ,the end of World War II was seen. Organized Jewry in the European continent was damaged beyond repair.
The Jews concentrated on the preservation of Israel and on the bringing of Nazi war criminals to trial. There is a day of commemoration, Holocaust Day, observed in Israel and elsewhere on Nisan (April) 19 and 20. The date is considered the anniversary of the beginning of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The emergence of Israel as a Jewish state on the former territory of Palestine was the central political issue of the Middle East after World War II. A movement was established to work on the reestablishment of the Jewish national state of Israel.
This movement was given the name Zionism. The Zionists were full of energy,enthusiasm, and skill which led to remarkable accomplishments. Israel was a modern European state in an underdeveloped area. This was the source of there problems and their achievements. The Jews received vast amounts of financial and military support from Western governments.
The Israelis also benefitted from a highly trained and motivated citizenry to create a unique nation-state. It had taken the Zionists seventy years to purchase 7 per cent of Palestine. Now the UN was offering them another 50 per cent. The partition plan was objected by all of that Arab and Palestinian Arab governments. The Zionists excepted the plan. They however were upset that Jerusalem was excluded from the Jewish state. The Jews were the most fertile land including the citrus groves upon which the Arabs depended on for their living.
Many of the nations of the world felt guilt or grief of the Hitler era. This is what is believed to have pressured the United Nations to establish a Jewish state. The partition of Palestine was greatly important to both Jewish history and world history. It gave the Jews a place to seek refuge in during the Nazi persecutions. This led to a change in the nature of Zionist activities. They became more violent. The Jewish army called Haganah(defense)was formed to protect Israel from Arab attacks.
This is remembered as a historic event for it has greatly effected the lives of present day Middle East and all other countries. The cause of the Six-Day War of June 1967 was Egypt’s closure of the Strait of Tiran. This war focused on the issue of Israel’s legitimacy. Withdrawal of the UN troops after May 16 signified to the Israelis that ultimately they would be responsible for their own defense. From this war the jews regained control of the West Bank of the Jordan River.
Syria was pushed by a frontal assault through the Golan Heights and threatened Damascus. The United Nation security council managed to execute a cease- fire on June 11th. By this time the Arab states had lost territory, much of their productive capacity, and a large amounts of revenue. Their mental and political defeat set the tone for the events of the following years. The defeat of the Arab governments also gave a powerful force to the Palestine guerrilla movement.
The Wailing Wall is on of Judaism’s most honoured holy places. With the original United Nation’s partition it was located in Old Jerusalem, previously occupied by Jordan. The Six Day was returned it to its rightful owners , Israel. As is clearly visible through these few examples the Jewish race have had a very trailing history. This however is only a small representation of the rest of the Jewish problems.
War , for example, is still present. In 1991 in the Persian Gulf Israel was continuously bombed by Iraq. If Israel would have fought back chances are there would have had most of the Arabian countries join in with Iraq to eliminate the common enemy. Therefor the problems are yet not resolved yet it seems there is never a perfect solution to any problem. — Bibliography 1. Holocaust : the Jewish tragedy Gilbert,Martin, COLLI 1986 2.
Israel & the Arabs: The June 1967 War Facts on file, INC. New York, N.Y. 1968 3. The Holocaust in Historical Perspective Yehuda Bauer University of Washington Press 1978.