.. r lost any of its strengths. Even though the parade was grander then expected, it could not conceal the fact that the Klan was diminishing, the empire was collapsing. The peak of the Klan was actually in 1924. The Klan was forced to admit its growing weakness.
Time answered quickly, by 1930, the Klan was almost invisible, less than 40,000 members nationally. The story of the collapse is very complicated. In 1924, Congress responded to the growing hatred to foreigners by restricting immigration into the United State. Before the restriction, immigrants were pouring in at over 1 million immigrants a year before World War 1. So when the Congress restricted the immigration, it added to the collapse of the KKK. Another main reason for the collapse was that Klansmen also fought amongst each other. In 1927, Wizard Evans resorted to a lawsuit to quell open in the Realm of Pennsylvania, which was the highest Klan member state in the northeast.
This divided the group deeply. The lawsuit that Evans filed was for $100,000 which sent his Pennsylvania opponents into submission. It seemed that the Klan was falling apart in many areas. For example, In New Jersey the Mayor of Atlantic City called for am anti-Klan meeting. Four thousand angry rioters showed for the anti-Klan meeting.
Only several hundred Klan members came to support the Klan. The anti-Klan rioters began to maul the Klansmen and beat them so bad the Klan barely escaped. In Chicago a council made up of a Jew, a Catholic, and a black was appointed to recommend legislation on the Klan. Illinois passed a state law saying that no one was allowed to wear a mask in public. In New York there were anti-Klan acts also. However, after all this against the Klan they still managed to stay alive as did their prejudices. The Klan fell into what is called the depression years.
With the growing poverty in America, Klan member fees became a luxury which only a few Americans could afford. Even though it looked like everything was going all wrong for the KKK they stayed alive again. The north was almost totally diminished with the Klan. There were still some Klan rallies on Long Island, Hudson River Valley, cities in New Jersey, Ohio, and Michigan, but only at the most 1,000 Klan members in each area. Meanwhile in the south Klansmen still continued to resort to violence.
Beating any whites who would cater to blacks. Also to ensure white supremacy, the KKK tried to keep blacks from voting. Klansmen would invade black sections of cities and leave messages on cards for blacks to stay away from the voting polls. By 1936, the Klan started calling communism the main enemy. During this depression Florida’s Realm became the biggest KKK movement, with around 30,000 members, he Klan started to show light of coming back again.
In the fall of 1946 the Klan burned another cross atop Stone Mountain. This was showing a sign of coming back for the Klan. From California to New York the Klan was showing signs of life. Since the Klan once again seemed to be rebuilding, it once again met a strong opposition. Attorney General Tom Clarke of Texas said he would use every law in the book to break up the Klan.
In many states and cities laws and ordinaries were designed to hamper the Klan. The Klan continued their terrorist acts. They planted bombs in churches and schools where they knew there would be used be either Jews, Catholics, or blacks. By 1980, Klan membership rose to about 10,000 members, with still some extremists who often used violence against those who they opposed. In 1979, in Greensboro, North Carolina, Klan members killed five anti-Klan demonstrators. In Mobile, Alabama, there was an incident where Klan members murdered a black youth in 1981.
Because of this violent activity, interest in the Ku Klux Klan has declined. This, coupled with some prosecutions for illegal activities, reduced KKK membership in the South to about 6,000 by the late 1980’s. Beginning in the mid-1970’s, Ku Klux Klan groups began to apply a more respectable image. Some accepted women as members and set up youth groups. The KKK especially appealed to whites who resented both special programs designed to help blacks and job competition from blacks and recent immigrants. Approximately 15 separate organizations existed, including the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the United Klans of America, and the National Klan. The Klan was revived once again with renewed vigor in the late 1970s.
It fragmented into several separate and competing groups, some of which allied themselves with neo-Nazi and other old-fashioned extremist groups. By the early 1990s, after being prosecuted for illegal activities, the Klan was estimated to have between 6,000 and 10,000 active members, mostly in the deep South. After that the Klan went back and forth starting to gain members and then losing them again, starting to rally in certain areas but then dying out again. The Klan always and still does have violent attacks against Jews, Catholics, and blacks. For example, in the 1970s and 1980s, whites began to worry about losing their jobs, and special programs were being set up for blacks, and this concern led to new Klan activity which is still in effect today.
Today in the Klan there are approximately 10,000 Klan members. The Ku Klux Klan members say they keep alive the memory of the original Klansmen and the principles and traditions for which they risked their lives. Klansmembers today feel that the Klan should not exist just as a memorial to past accomplishments, but as a living instrument for the ideals of Western Christian Civilization and the one element that makes them possible: the white race. Not a mere political association or political party, members feel that the Klan is indeed a brotherhood, and a new white racial community that lives and functions by the ideals it promotes. It is white unity in action. Today the Klan, continues to be America’s oldest and most effective White Christian Fraternal organization. Today the Ku Klux Klan often refers to itself as the Fifth Era of the Klan and uses the title the Invisible Empire.
The Klan is no longer known just as the Ku Klux Klan, but rather uses the title Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. The Klan says the title “Invisible Empire” given to them is correct. They say the word “invisible” in “Invisible Empire” means just that. They say it describes the condition of the Racial resistance. It describes the manner in which that resistance is intended to operate. The Klan feels that secrecy may not be fully possible in this electronic age but privacy, a degree of secrecy, is quite possible.
Secrecy is what confused the federal tyrants when the Klan first appeared. They say secrecy is what enables the few to confuse, confound and to conquer the many. The Klan feels that this method of operation is what give the ability to “appear” and “disappear” throughout the past. The Klan has formed and diminished many times in the past. If the Klan tries to keep adding members, there will always be opponents there to try and stop the Klan.
It is a real shame that a social group only made for the purpose to scare freed slaves turned into such a horrible sight today, and will always continue to haunt America. It seems that the Klan will never give up on trying to start up another successful Klan . The United States must do something about this in our country today. People have to realize that everyone is equal, and from now on it will always be that way. People will no longer tolerate hate groups such as the KKK and the skinheads.
The Klan of today wants to see these things: they want to return prayer to school, stop all non-white immigration, do away with welfare, quarantine all AIDS carriers, make the purchase of American industry and property by foreigners illegal, stop reverse discrimination by doing away with Affirmative Action and declare all laws attempting to enforce gun control as unconstitutional. What scares me most is that with the birth of home internet services, the Klan has found away, once again to push its ideas, and opinions into homes across the country. All of these internet sites seem to have the same thing in common. They contain information that puts down other races and religions. A majority of these sites appeal to adolescents, teenagers and younger children by boasting such slogans as “Cool Hate Music”.
Cartoons are also found on many pages. These cartoons show the “enemy” races in bad situations that often emphasize the points and views of the KKK. If the Klan ever starts to flourish again, the United State will need to be ready to set laws and boundaries to ensure the safety of millions of Americans. In the end, the KKK is a problem that won’t go away for long. As we have seen, the KKK will be active for a period and then disappear. As long as there are differences between people in this world, there will always be hate.
And the Ku Klux Klan will be there to feed on this hate and exploit it in every way possible. They may be silent for many years, but you can count on the fact that they are there. They are “The Invisible Empire” and will always be in the dark. . Bibliography : Bibliography 1. Don’t Know Much About History: Everything You Need to Know about American History but Never Learned by Kenneth C. Davis.
Copyright 1990, 1995. 2. Feldmeth, Greg D. “The Klu Klux Klan” http://www.kkk.com (2 November 1999). 3. Retracing Our Steps: Studies in Documents from the American Past, Volume 1 by Myron A.
Marty and Theodore Finkelston. Copyright 1982. 4. The History of The Ku Klux Klan by Howard Zinn. Copyright 1980, 1995. 5.
Unknown. “The Klu-Klux-Klan” http://www.k-k-k.com (15 December 1999).