Utopia

Behold, after above six Months Warning, I cannot learn that my Book hath produced one single
Effect according to mine Intentions: … And, it must be owned that seven Months were a sufficient
Time to correct every Vice and Folly to which Yahoos are subject, if their Natures had been capable
of the least Disposition to Virtue or Wisdom: (Letter;3)
That he had good Reasons to think you were a Big-Endian in your heart; and as Treason begins in
the Heart, before it appears in Overt-Acts, so he accused you as a Traytor on that Account, and
therefore insisted you should be put to death. (I:7;22)
He knew no reason why those who entertained opinions prejudicial to the public should be obliged to
change, and should not be obliged to conceal them. And as it was tyranny in any government to
require the first, so it was weakness not to enforce the second; for a man may be allowed to keep
poisons in his closet, but not to send them about for cordials. (II:6;15)
1. Author: Jonathan Swift
Titles of some other works by the same author:
Tale of a Tub, The Battle of the Books
2. Title: Gulliver’s Travels Books (I ; II)
Explain the Title: The book tells about the travels of Gulliver.


3. Date of publication: 19774.Edition:Everyman
First published: 1726
5. Genre: Four satirical stories in prose.

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6. Themes: A satire, in the first book he satirizes the English
politics, which are symbolized by the inhabitants of Lilliput. In
the second book Gulliver symbolizes the English people. He tells
the king of Brobdingnag about the Daily life in England. The
King tells him as follows:
‘ By what I have gathered from your own relation … I cannot but
conclude the bulk of your natives to be the most pernicious race
of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon
the surface of earth’.


7. List of main characters and description of them:
– Lemuel Gulliver: a married man, who has studied medicines and
works as a ship surgeon. He likes to travel a lot because he is
very interested in other country’s and their cultures.


8. Narrative Technique: Narrative prose.


9. a) Time lapse: Liliput 1 year
Brobdingnag 2 years
b)In what period is the story situated? 18th century.


10. Style:Language is quite difficult, old-English.


11. Stray notes:none
12. What is your own opinion of the work?
I found the book quite difficult,but I liked the satirical aspect
of the stories.
13. Short summary:
On his first voyage Gulliver is shipwrecked. He comes in
Lilliput, a land were all the people are twelf times as short as
he is. He learns their language their laws and their habbits. He
gets a title of honour when he takes the fleet of Blefuscu out of
the water. But when he makes water on the emperor’s palace it’s
decided he should die. But he escapes.
On his second voyage he gets into a great storm and comes in a
land of giants(12 times as big as he is). He is found by a
farmer. Who takes him to a market and to the metropolis. He is
sold to the queen. He learns that these people are very nice.

At the end he is picked up by a large bird and dropped in the
sea, where he is picked up by a ship.

NAAM!!!!!!!
10-Feb-1990, 6-III
Jonathan Swift
Gulliver’s Travels I ; II
I. A voyage to Liliput
Gulliver always wanted to go to sea. He has studied a lot for it.

On one of his voyages his ship is shipwrecked. He is the only one
who reaches land. He falls asleep. When Gulliver wakes up he is
bound to the ground. Then he sees the Lilliputians, men not
taller than a few inches. They take him to the town. They keep
him prisoner but take care of him. The emperor of Liliput, a
little bit taller than the other Lilliputians, comes to see
Gulliver, who makes a good impression on him. He is taught the
language of Liliput. Gulliver is set free on the condition he
will not leave Liliput. The emperor tells Gulliver about
Liliput’s two problems: The internal conflict between the low-
and the high-heels and the conflict with Blefuscu, another
country. The war is fought about the question: on which end one
should cut an egg. To help the emperor Gulliver takes the fleet
of Blefuscu to Liliput. Gulliver gets a title of honour.
But when he refuses to colonize Blefuscu and makes water on the
emperor’s palace (it was on fire), it is decided his eyes will be
put out and he will starve to death. Fortunately he is informed
and escapes to Blefuscu, where he finds a boat of normal size and
he escapes to the sea and is picked up by a passing ship which
brings him home.


II. On his second voyage, Gulliver’s ship gets into a storm and they
get hundred of miles out of course. When they go ashore for fresh
water, Gulliver is left at the island. He is caught by a farmer,
twelve times as high as he is. The farmer gives him to his
daughter who takes good care of him and teaches him the language
of Brobdingnag. He calls her Glumdalclitch.

The farmer uses Gulliver as an attraction at the markets and in
pubs, but this reduces Gulliver’s health, so the farmer sells him
and his daughter to the Queen. Everyone there is delighted with
him except for the Queen’s dwarf, who doesn’t get the attention
he used to get. The Queen gets Gulliver a kind of cage in which
he can live and be transported.

Gulliver learns that these people are very kind. (No corruption,
conspiracy and clear laws). When he offers the King to make
gunpowder it is rejected. One day Gulliver gets to the seashore
and is picked up by a bird which drops him in the sea. There he
is found by a passing ship.


UTOPIA
Genre: Philosophical travel fiction married to autobiography and satire. More’s
playful fusing of genres is characteristic of European humanism, as is his
self-deflating wit. The text contains many layers of protective narrative
insulation, especially More’s decision to deliver the most radical comments from
the persona of the character, Raphael Hythloday.The “conversation
overheard” does not entirely exculpate the hearer who reports it, though, as
readers of Chaucer realize after serious consideration of the General Prologue
(ll. 727-48) and the prologue to the Miller’s Tale (ll. 59-78).
Characters: “More” (in quotes to distinguish him from More, the author); Raphael
Hythloday the traveler from Utopia; Peter Giles, More’s and “More”‘s friend and a
native of Antwerp (Belgium); King Utopus, founder of Utopia; the Anemolian
ambassadors, and other minor members of Utopian society.
Plot Summary: On a diplomatic trip to Brussels, “More” takes a side trip to the seaport
of Antwerp where he falls into conversation with Peter Giles and Giles’ acquaintance,
Raphael Hythloday, who sailed with Amerigo Vespucci. The men go to “More”‘s house
where, in the garden, Raphael tells them of the history, customs and culture of the
Utopians.